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nation : neither chasten me in Thy dis- | i.e., chasten me only pleasure.
in love (K.] 2 Have mercy upon me, O LORD, for I am weak : 0 LORD, heal me, for my bones are vexed. 3 My soul also is sore troubled : but,
3. The second memLORD, how long wilt Thou punish me? ber of the verse should 4 Turn Thee, O LORD, and deliver my
be: “But Thou, O
LORD, how long ?” soul : 0 save me for Thy mercy's sake.
5 For in death no man reniembereth Thee : 5. The light of and who will give Thee thanks in the pit?
Christianity had not
been shed upon death 6 I am weary of my groaning; every
and the grave. Pitnight wash I my bed : and water my couch ¿.e., Hades, hell, the with my tears.
unseen world. 7 My beauty is gone for very trouble : 7. Beauty, &c.; lit. and worn away because of all mine enemies.
mine eye wasteth a
way. 8 Away from me, all ye that work van- g. The triumph of ity : for the LORD hath heard the voice of faith. The prayer is my weeping.
prayed ; the answer
assured. 9 The LORD hath heard my petition : the LORD will receive my prayer.
10 All mine enemies shall be confounded, and sore vexed : they shall be turned back, and put to shame suddenly.
PSALM 7. Domine, Deus meus. SA Psalm which David " sang unto the Lord con Shiggaion of David.
cerning the words of Cush the Benjamite." This word probably Cush was probably one of Saul's followers, and means a hymn, dethe occasion of the Psalm that described in rived from a Hebrew 1 Sam. xxiv., xxvi., when David twice spared verb, “to extol with Saul's life.]
praises." O LORD my God, in Thee have I put my trust : save me from all them that persecute me, and deliver me;
2 Lest he devour my soul, like a lion, 2. Lest he - i. e., and tear it in pieces : while there is none | singling out some
chief enemy, as Shito help
mei. 3 0 LORD my God, if I have done any |
such thing : or if there be any wickedness | in my hands;
4 If I have rewarded evil unto him that 4. Rewarded-i.e., dealt friendly with me : yea, I have delivered
repaid. The second
clause is parenthetical him that without any cause is mine enemy; | -(vea, rather I have.
5 Then let mine enemy persecute my &c.) David had more soul, and take me : yea, let him tread my
than once saved Saul's
life. life down upon the earth, and lay mine
5. (SELAH.] honour in the dust.
6 Stand up, O LORD, in Thy wrath, and | 6. Stand up. Cf. lift up Thyself, because of the indignation
“I see ... the Son
of man standing on of mine enemies : arise up for me in the
the right hand of judgment that Thou hast commanded. God” to receive His 7 And so shall the congregation of the
martyr Stephen, Acts
vii. 56. people come about Thee : for their sakes
7. Lift up Thyself therefore lift up Thyself again.
again. This indi. 8 The LORD shall judge the people; give
cates the return of
God to heaven, after sentence with me, O LORD : according to
having heard David's my righteousness, and according to the in cause. nocency that is in me.
8. Innocency; Heb.
wholeness, integrity; 9 O let the wickedness of the ungodly
the word frequently come to an end : but guide Thou the just. used by Job. In the 10 For the righteous God : trieth the
plural number it is
thummim, truth. very hearts and reins.
10. Reins. Prob. 11 My help cometh of God : Who pre ably spoken of as the serveth them that are true of heart.
most central part of
the body, from whence 12 God is a righteous Judge, strong, and
spring impulses and patient : and God is provoked every day. affections. 13 If a man will not turn, He will whet
13. Cf. “If I whet
My glittering sword,” His sword : He hath bent His bow, and
Deut. xxii. 41. made it ready.
14 He hath prepared for him the instru 14. He ordaineth, ments of death : He ordaineth His arrows
&c. ; lit. He makes
His arrows to be fiery, against the persecutors.
in allusion to the ar15 Behold, he travaileth with mischief : row-heads tipped with
forth he hath conceived sorrow, and brought forth
burning tow. ungodliness.
16. He hath graren ; 16 He hath graven and digged up a pit :
| lit. he dug a hole and and is fallen himself into the destruction | hollowed it out. Dethat he made for other.
struction; lit. pitfall.
17 For his travail shall come upon his own head : and his wickedness shall fall
head and his wickedness shall fou on his own pate.
18 I will give thanks unto the LORD, according to His righteousness : and I will praise the Name of the LORD most High.
17. Travail —i.l., the trouble which he has taken to hurt others. Pate ; lit. the top, crown of, the head. The word pate seems to signify the skull.
PSALM 8. Domine, Dominus noster. Ascension Day.
The first Psalm at TA Psalm of David, most probably composed when | Morning Prayer. fol. he was a shepherd in the pasture-lands of Beth
lowed by Ps. 15. lehem. It is addressed to JEHOVAH the Creator, and to MESSIAH the Saviour, glorifying To be sung on Git. their condescension to frail man.]
tith. This was a kind
of musical instrument O LORD our Governour, how excellent is
used by the people of Thy Name in all the world : Thou that hast Gath; hence its name. set Thy glory above the heavens !
Sovereign, Lord, A2 Out of the mouth of very babes and donai. O LORD our sucklings hast Thou ordained strength, be Lord. cause of Thine enemies : that Thou mightest
2. Our Saviour cites
this verse, S. Matt. still the enemy, and the avenger.,
xxi. 16. So also the 3 For I will consider Thy heavens, even collect for Innocents' the works of Thy fingers : the moon and the
Day appropriately em
bodies these words. stars, which Thou hast ordained.
Avenger— i.e., the re4 What is man, that Thou art mindful of vengeful person. him : and the son of man, that Thou visitest
3. Thy fingers —
i.e., Thy power. “If him ?
I by the finger of God 5 Thou madest him lower than the angels : [S. Matt. the power of to crown him with glory and worship.
God] cast out devils,"
S. Luke xi. 20. 6 Thou makest him to have dominion of
4. Man; Heb. man the works of Thy hands : and Thou hast put in his weakness—frail all things in subjection under his feet;
watchest over. 7 All sheep and oxen; yea, and the 5. Than the angels; beasts of the field;
Heb. “than God.'' 8 The fowls of the air, and the fishes of
The man Christ Je
sus, through obedthe sea : and whatsoever walketh through ience, was “ crowned the paths of the seas.
with glory and hon
'our,” Heb. ii. 7. 6. S. Paul extends this from an earthly to an universal dominion, 1 Cor. xv. 27. This supremacy, conferred on man by God at the creation, and lost by him through sin, was regained by the second Adam, Jesus Christ.
9 O LORD our Governour : how excellent is Thy Name in all the world !
DAY 2. [A Psalm of David, commemorating a victory.) To be sung upon
| Muthlabben. This is I WILL give thanks unto Thee, O LORD, with conjectured to be the my whole heart : I will speak of all Thy
name of a melody :
“The death of the marvellous works.
son ;” to which music 2 I will be glad and rejoice in Thee : this Psalm was to be yea, my songs will I make of Thy Name, O Thou most Highest.
3 While mine enemies are driven back : 3. “As soon then they shall fall and perish at Thy presence.
| as he had said unto
them, I am HE, they 4 For Thou hast maintained my right went backward, and and my cause : Thou art set in the throne fell to the ground," That judgest right.
S. John xviii. 6.
4. Heb. Thou art 5 Thou hast rebuked the heathen, and seated on a throne, destroyed the ungodly : Thou hast put out judging righteously. their name for ever and ever. .
6 0 thou enemy, destructions are come 6. The translation to a perpetual end : even as the cities which
and meaning are sug
gested to be thus : Thou hast destroyed; their memorial is per “The enemy - they ished with them.
are extinct, in ruins 7 But the LORD shall endure for ever :
for ever; their cities
are destroyed; their He hath also prepared His seat for judg memory is perished.” ment.
God alone remains 8 For He shall judge the world in right
| triumphant. eousness : and minister true judgment unto the people.
9 The LORD also will be a defence for 9. A refuge ; such the oppressed : even a refuge in due time
| as the mountain fort
resses in Palestine. of trouble.
10 And they that know Thy Name will put their trust in Thee : for Thou, LORD, hast never failed them that seek Thee.
11 O praise the LORD which dwelleth in Sion : shew the people of His doings.
12 For, when He maketh inquisition for 12. Poor-i.e., af. blood, He remembereth them : and forgetteth
flicted, harassed, worn
out. This word is not the complaint of the poor.
applied to Moses, and 13 Have mercy upon me, O LORD; con translated meek. He sider the trouble which I suffer of them was greatly tried, but that hate me : Thou that liftest me up from
not what we mean by the gates of death.
14 That I may shew all Thy praises 14. Ports — i. e., within the ports of the daughter of Sion : I gates ; publicly, as
in the market-place. will rejoice in Thy salvation.
Daughter of Sion; 15 The heathen are sunk down in the poet. for Jerusalem, pit that they made : in the same net which as “ daughter of they hid privily, is their foot taken.
Tyre,” “ daughter of
Babylon." 16 The LORD is known to execute judg 16. Higgaion, Sement : the ungodly is trapped in the work lah — i.e., an interof his own hands.
lude on the harp. 17 The wicked shall be turned into hell : 1 17. Hell, here Haand all the people that forget God.
des. Forget — i.e.,
wilfully forget. 18 For the poor shall not alway be for
18. Patient abidgotten : the patient abiding of the meek ing; lit. hope, expecshall not perish for ever.
tation. 19 Up, LORD, and let not man have the 19. Man ; Heb. upper hand : let the heathen be judged in frail man. Thy sight.
20 Put them in fear, O LORD : that the 20. Men ; again heathen may know themselves to be but men. frail men, as in Ps.
Psalm 10. Ut quid, Domine ? [The circumstances under which this Psalm was
composed are uncertain ; in the Septuagint and
Vulgate it is joined to Ps. 9.] Why standest Thou so far off, O LORD : and hidest Thy face in the needfultime of trouble?
2 The ungodly for his own lust doth persecute the poor : let them be taken in the crafty wiliness that they have imagined.
3 For the ungodly hath made boast of
3. And speaketh