species of fuel? It was natural that the British interests; and for his seaa medical man should examine the sonable assistance in rescuing four state of the art of healing, among drunken, British sailors in Larache, the tweebs of Morocco; it is despi- who, “ having drank too much cable enough: so is that of literature aquardicntesaqua-ardente] imagined in general. The condition of the themselves in the streets of GibralJews is extremely pitiable; and if we tår," and raised a mob by attempt. understand our traveller rightly, the ing to lift up the veil of a Moorish Jewish women are resorted to, to belle; drunk they were, indisputasupply the riotous inhabitants with bly, or they had never struck on the abandoned companions. Can the rock of that temptation. lowest degree of abjection in a peo Further proficiency in Arabick ple be more strongly marked? The will induce the doctor to write Na. late emperour attempted to exter zarene, for “ Massarane (for so they minate the Jews; their property was denominate a Christian.") To consifuriously plundered, yet they exist, der dow-war as the circle of tents and increase so rapidly, that our forming a village, not as the name traveller says, the emperour must of a place; and to accept Beni, sons, enlarge the limits of the space as the plural of Ben, a son, it is wherein they dwell.

necessary, when distinguishing a We give the doctor credit for tribe. Neither will he repeat the arhaving used his influence with the ticle, “ an al-haik:” al is the Ara. pulers of this empire in favour of bick article.


Travels of Mirza Abu Taleb Khan [commonly called the Persian Prince] in Asia,

Africa, and Europe, during the years 1799, 1800, 1801, and 1802. Written by Him. self, in the Persian Language, and Translated by Charles Stewart, Esq. With a Portrait of the Author. 2 Vols. 8vo. pp. 738. London. 1810.

IT is difficult to imagine any cha- unattainable by those whose percepracter whose first impressions would tions are already deadened by habit. excite more natural curiosity than We may hope then for instruction, an Asiatick traveller in Europe. as well as entertainment, in such

There is so much value in even the society; and it is not irrational, exmost common knowledge, that the cept in the extreme to which it has pride of man is secretly gratified by been sometimes carried, that an the surprise of a stranger at objects Omai, a Bannelong, or any other which are familiar to us, even where far-fetched curiosity in human form, that familiarity confers no merit on should be feasted by the great, ourselves; and this is, perhaps, the courted by the fair, and attended to secret charm, which, fortunately for publick places by crowds of gaping travellers, makes their society court- observers. After all, however, on a ed in foreign countries, and which mere savage, the wonders he witconstitutes, in no small degree, what nesses are too many and too uninall of us have sometimes felt, the telligible to make any distinct impleasure of showing the lions. There pression To him, a paper kite and is, too, a vivid shrewdness which à balloon are equally miraculous; generally accompanies the observa- every step he takes is on enchanted tions of a sepsible man on objects ground; and, like a child who reads which are new to him, altogether a fairy tale, he soon ceases to be

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surprised at wonders; because he view of the great mogul himself,
expected to meet with nothing else, and the well-bred sultan of a French
and because, in such a place, such tragedy, or an English masque-
wonders are only natural. Again, rade.
people care little for what is totally The reality, however, prefigured
above their comprehension, and a by so many types, has at last made
savage would be more interested in his appearance. A bonâ fide Moham-
an ironmonger's shop, than in all mecan has produced a tour; and, as

curiosities of the British mu luck would have this tour has
seum, or all the magnificence of St. appeared at a time, when all the
Paul's or Blenheim. With the Asia- world, or at least all the idle part of
tick, however, the case is different; it, was still on the stretch of curio.
he brings with him a sufficiently sity, respecting his excellency Mirza
cultivated judgment to distinguish Abdul Hassan.
between our customs and his own; Now, when the ladies had once
a mind to which the objects he ascertained, by actual experiment,
meets with are not so new as to be the length of a Persian's beard, and
incomprehensible, though they are the texture of his skin and clothings
so differently modified in form and when their minds were pretty well
circumstances from those to which made up what to think of their for.
he is accustomed, that another pla- midable guest, it was surely no un-
net could hardly produce a greater natural desire to know that guest's
variety; it is a variety which he un- opinion of them. And as his excel.
derstands and feels, and it is the lency's sentiments are not yet to be
same in kind (though from evident expected in English, it will no
reasons, much greater in degree) doubt be, in the mean time, accept-
as that which a European, pre- able to learn what was thought and
pared as he is, by hundreds of pre- said under almost similar circum-
cursors, and tens of hundreds of stances, by a man, who was every
descriptions, must ever experience inch of him, as true a mussulman
on entering, for the first time, a Mo. (as “ catholick a devil,” as Sancho
hammedan or Hindoo country, Panza hath it) as if, like his afore-

Accordingly, as no real oriental said excellency, he had born credentraveller had yet appeared, his place tials from the king of Iran and Tou. and character were eagerly assumed ran, and excited by his presence and by European writers, who, under supposed intrigues, the jealousy the names of Turkish spies, am- both of the eastern and western bassadours of Bantam, and Chinese Cesar. This lucky coincidence has, or Persian tourists, endeavoured to we are afraid, even made the reality instruct, as impartial spectators of of our tourist suspected, and many our European feuds and follies; or have too rashly classed him, without to amuse, by ridiculous oppositions examination, with the Anacharsis of of our manners and character with our continental neighbours, or our their own. That the experiment suc own ingenious Hidalgo Don Manuel ceeded, is evident by the number of de Espriella. In this, however, they imitators which every generation have done Abu Taleb a great injushas produced; but still

, ainusing as tice; though not so learned as the they were, these Turks and Per- first, nor so entertaining as the last sians wanted the charm of reality. of these gentlemen, he is, or rather They were Brigg's “ French beads, was, a more substantial personage and Bristol stones," in comparison than either. Un der the name of the with the genuine treasure of Gol- Persian prince, he was

seen and cor do; and the difference in interest known in fleshly form in the several was almost the same, as between a countries which he has undertaken

some ac.

to describe, and was generally al. The first misfortune which befel lowed, in the words of Massinger's him on his expedition, was embarkBorachia,

ing on board a Danish vessel, man.

ned chiefly by indolent, and inexpeas absolute a Turk In all that appertains to a true Turk,”

rienced Lascars, of whose filth, con

fusion, and insubordination he comas any former candidate for publick plains most bitterly. notice.

And it will be owned that few “ The captain was a proud, self-suffiinhabitants of east or west, have cient fellow. His first officer, who was by gone over so large or so interesting pered, growling mastiff, but understood

birth an American, resembled an ill-temå "ract of earth and sea. Reduced his duty very well. The second officer, in his circumstances by events which and the other mates were low people, 110t. he himself very modestly and briefly worthy of being spoken to, and quite igrelates, and deprived, though by no norant of navigation.”-vol. i. p. 22. fault of his own, of an appointment which he held under our East India After many days of suffering from company, an opportunity was thrown the united plagues of stinks, bad in his way, of undertaking a jour. provisions, and a cabin, “the very ney, which, to an oriental, must recollection of which makes him have appeared desperate; and which melancholy,” he arrived at the Nihe began, as he informs us, in the cobar Islands, where the usual phe, comfortable hope, that in a voyage nomenon of refraction, by making a so replete with danger, “

flat shore visible to the eye, though cident might cause his death; and not to the telescope, and the usual thus deliver him from the anxieties solution of it by a ring in a bowl of of this world, and the ingratitude of water, excited his surprise. The exmankind." Accidents, however, and planation, however, does not, in his elements were kinder than he ex- opinion, solve the phenomenon. Sixpected; and after visiting the Cape, teen of the Lascars deserted here, St. Helena, and many parts of Ireland and Abu Taleb himself was so much and England, he returned by France, captivated with the “mildness of Italy, Constantinople, and Busserah, the climate, the beauty of the plains to his native province in India, where and rivulets, and the kind of life he was appointed once more collec- which the men enjoyed, that he had lor of a district in Bundelcund, and nearly resolved to take up his abode died in that situation in the year among them.” The passage of the 1806.

equinoctial line, and the ceremony During the latter years of his life, of dipping, are next described, and he prepared and digested his jour- he saw what he had never before nal, in which he styles himselt: « The believed, nuinerous shoals of flying wanderer over the face of the earth, fish. He was disappointed at not Abu Taleb, the son of Mohammed finding a southern polar star, not of Ispahan, who associated with any constellation which exactly cormen of all nations, and beheld va. responded with the Ursą Minor or rious wonders both by sea and land;” Major, and was astonished that the and which he commences with true month of May, so hot in Bengal, oriental piety, by thanksgivings to should be so extremely cold in the God, the lord of all the world, and antarctick hemisphere. “ to the chosen of mankind, the traveller over the whole expanse of the

« On the 24th of May, we had a view

of the continent of Africa, about heavens [Mohammed] and benedic

200 miles to the north of the Cape of Good tions without end on his descend- Hope; and although we had not the most ants, and companions."

distant intention of going on shore here,

of part

yet the sight of land brought tears into say, that from my first setting out on this my eyes. While sailing along the coast, journey, till my arrival in England, I as. we had frequent opportunities of seeing cended the pinnacle of magnificence and one of the wonders of the deep. Several luxury; the several degrees or stages of fish, called whales, approached so close to which, were Calcutta, the Cape, Cork, the ship that we could view them distinct. Dublin, and London; the beauty and gran. ly. They were four times the size of the deur of each city effacing that of the for. largest elephant, and had immense nos. mer. On my return towards India, every trils, whence they threw up the water to thing was reversed, the last place being al. the height of fifteen yards.” vol. i. p. 44. ways inferiour to that I had quitted. Thus,

after a long residence in London, Paris His voyage to the Cape was a appeared to me much inferiour; for al. dismal one. He had repeated storms though the latter contains more superb to encounter, and his cabin was pla- buildings, it is neither so regular, so clean, ced between those of a corpulent mer, nor does it possess so many gardens

nor so well lighted at night, as the for. and surly gentleman, who when the

and squares in its vicinity; in short, I ship rolled, rolled also, and of three thought I had fallen from paradise into crying and ill-tempered children; to hell. But when I arrived in Italy, I was whom, if he had known the poetry made sensible of the beauty of Paris; the of Simonides, he would doubtless cities of Italy rose in my estimation when have exclaimed with Danäa in a si. I arrived at Constantinople, and the latter milar situation, « sudte blepos.” As it dad, 'Mousul, and other towns in the ter.

is a perfect paradise, compared to Bagwas, he thought of the verse of ritory of the Faithful.vol. i. p. 64, 65. Hafiz, which did just as well:

Of the Dutch, both male and fe“ Dark is the night, and dreadful the noise male, Abu Taleb formed no favour. of the waves and whirlpool,

able opinion. He describes the men Little do they know of our situation, who are travelling merrily on the shore."

as low-minded and inhospitable, and

more oppressive to their slaves than The miseries of a voyage he clas- any other people in the world. The ses under four genera, subdivided women, he stigmatizes at once as into many distinct species, of which vulgar and in modest; but here we we shall only mention “the impurity must allow a little for the prejudices of being shut up with dogs and of a Persian. The girls, who so hogs; the necessity of eating with a

much offended him, were, perhaps, knife and fork; and the impossibility only laughing hoydens, who would of purification.” On the whole, how. have been heartily frightened, had ever, he had ample reason to come they known how he interpreted their plain, and to advise his countrymen airs and glances. It may, however, never to undertake a voyage, unless be a useful hint to some 'females they have money to purchase every nearer home. Lord Valencia ima. comfort; nor to embark, except in gines that Mohammedans confound an English vessel. At the Cape, he all European ladies with nautch was highly delighted with the neat- girls, and it must be owned, that ness of the houses, the pavement of recent oriental travellers have had the streets, the shady trees, and the tolerably good reason for their mis. benches for smoking a pipe in sum

take. mer evenings; a custom which “ Among the various inhabitants of peared to him excellent."

the Cape, he found “ many pious

good Mussulmans, some of whom “In short, the splendour of this town possessed considerable property;". quite obliterated from my mind all the with these, and in the hospitable magnificence of Calcutta, which I had society of the English officers (whose previously considered as superiour to thing to be found between India and Eu. ladies, it is pleasing to observe, he rope. In the sequel, I changed my opinion excepts from the general scandal, respecting the Cape; and, indeed, I may and compares to the elegant reserve


of Indian princesses) he passed his yeyed to my mind such sensations as I time pleasantly, though expensively. had never before experienced; and alAt length, being heartily tired of though in the course of my travels, I had his Danish captain, who had cheated

an opportunity of seeing the bay of Ge

noa, and the straighits of Constantinople, him in every possible manner, he I do not think either of them is to be submitted to the loss of his passage compared with this.” vol. i. pp. 94, 95. money, and embarked the 29th of September, on board an English

Nor, though the cove on a nearer South Sea whaler. The superiour view disappointed him, did he fail to comforts of this ship he praises be delighted with the fertility of the highly, though he still seems to have neighbourhood, and the hospitality had some apprehensions; “ it being of the mistress of the postoffice, the practice of Europe, that when- whose mature charms (for though ever the ships of two enemies meet the mother of 21 children, she had at sea, the most powerful carries still the appearance of youth) astohis adversary with him into one of nished the inhabitant of a country, his own ports, and there sells both where a woman is old at five and ship and cargo for his own advan- twenty. tage.”

It is a pleasing circumstance in Of St. Helena he gives one of the this Persian’s journal, that in every best descriptions we have yet-seen; part of our united kingdom, he met and relates to a fearful battle, which with hospitality and kindness. He his captain had, in a former

here left his vessel, and was pro

voyage, sustained with a number of marine ceeding to Dublin to wait on ford animals, “ of a size between a horse Cornwallis, when he received a visit

from an officer whom he had known and an ass, which they call seahorses." He notices in his

in India, and who conducted him to

course, " the Fortunate Isles, whence the his house in the neighbourhood of Mohammedans


Cork, where, on an estate of a few longitude;" and the “ entrance into hundreds a year, he was enjoying, the Mediterranean sea, which runs

as Abu Taleb assures us, more east as for as Aleppo." And being comfort and plenty than an English driven by unfavourable winds from gentleman could in India, upon an the English channel (the meaning of income of a lack of rupees. At which term he explains, as well as Cove, he had seen a spit turned by that of “bay and sea”) he anchored

a dog, but here the inachinery for on the 6th of December in the cove

roasting was moved by smoke, and of Cork.

together with the dressers for hold.

ing china, and the pipes and arrange“ We found here not less than 40 or 50 ment of a steam kitchen, excited vessels of different sizes, three of which his warmest admiration. This officer were ships of war. The bay resembles a had two fair neices, who, “ during round basin, sixteen miles in circumfer- dinner,” says the Mussulman, “hoence. On its shore is situated the town, noured me with the most marked which is built in the form of a crescent, and defended at each end by small forts.

attention." On one side of the bay, a large river, resembling the Ganges, disembogues itself.

“ After dinner, these angels made tea This river extends a great way inland, and for us, and one of them having asked me passes by the city of Cork. The circular if it was sweet enough, I replied, that form of this extensive sheet of water, the having been made by such hands, it could verdure of the hills, the comfortable ap

not but be sweet. On hearing this, all the pearance of the town on one side, and the company laughed, and my fair one blushnumber of elegant houses and romantick

ed like the rose of Damascus." v. i. p. 103. cottages on the other, with the formidable aspect of the forts, and so many large

We shall not follow him minutely ships lying securely in the harbour, con through his journey by Dublin an:


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