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JOURNAL

BI

MAJOR WILLIAM GOULD,

OF THE

NEW JERSEY INFANTRY, DURING AN EXPEDITION INTO

PESXSYLVANIA IN 1794.

From the Original, Presented to the Society by his Grandson, Mr. Lucius D. Baldvin.

JOURNAL

CALDWELL, September 6th, 1794.-Received directions from Col. John Condit to repair to Trenton, agreeably to the following orders:

DETACHMENT ORDERS.

ELIZABETHTOWN, September 5th, 1794. “Major General Dayton flatters himself that he has only to make known to the troops under his command the general orders of the 1st instant, which are subjoined, in order to ensure a prompt and exact compliance with them.

GENERAL ORDERS.

TRENTON, September 1st, 1794. “ By the command of the President of the United States, the troops in requisition from the State of New Jersey, which were detailed from Major General Dayton's command and from the Cavalry and Artillery of this State, by order of the 23d of Au. gust last, are to rendezvous at Trenton, where they will be provided with every thing necessary for the expedition, and wait further orders.

Dispositions have been made by order of the national executive for the supply of provisions, forage, fuel and transportation to the general rendezvous at Trenton, where they will be met with tents and camp equipage necessary for their march. The troops from the 2d division will take up their line of march by the most direct route to New Brunswick, where they will apply to Mr. John Bray for provision and forage, and those of the 3d and 4th and ist divisions to Trenton, to which place the troops of the second will also proceed. The stipulated price of rations will be allowed from the time of march till their assembling at Trenton, to such as may not draw from the public stores, and choose to furnish themselves; but if intermediate appointments are judged necessary to be made, three days notice must be sent to Messrs. Ilunt & Bray by the Brigadier commanding the detachment, who will take the necessary precautions. No longer time will be allowed for the arrival of the troops at rendezvous than what will appear to have been absolutely necessary for accomplishing their march, after receiving marching orders, which period the officers commanding companies, &c., are required to note with precision, together with the name of the place where they halt each day on their route.

The strictest regard to discipline and good order is to be ob served on the march, and the rights of property are to be scru. pulously preserved to individuals. By order of the Commander in Chief,

ANTHONY WHITE, Adj. Gen.” These are to be regarded as the final and positive marching orders for the corps of 1,500 men last detached, and the Brigadier Generals of the detachment will accordingly send forward without loss of time their respective quotas of men and officers by the routes and under the regulations prescribed, to the general rendezvous at Trenton, where they will be united and form corps to be met by Brig. General Bloomfield, who is to com. mand them,

The necessary staff will be nominated by the Brig. General, who is to make report to, and receive his orders from, the Com mander-in Chief. By order of Major Gen. Dayton,

MATTILAS WILLIAMSON, Aid de Camp." Proceeded by way of Brunswick, Kingston and Princeton to Trenton, waited on Gen. Bloomfield, was introduced by him to the Governor of New Jersey, and other officers of the line.

Rode in company with General Bloomfield, Major Pierson and other officers to camp; viewed the situation; received orders from the General, and began the encampment on the left of the line of the Jersey troops.

The duty at first exceedingly hard and laborious in camp. No other field officer but myself for several days. Nothing could be procured for the nse of Col .Stark's regiment, excepting straw and tent poles, without my order.

A few days before I left Trenton Col. Stark took the command, and being assisted by Major Kipp from Bergen, had time to take boarding at Mrs. Ginness's in town, near camp, in company with Major Porter, Capt. Schenck, Capt. Joseph Marsh and Ad. jutant Lile.

LIAMSON, Aid-de Camp."

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gun from Capt. Elmer's Artillery at 7 o'clock to-morro W morning will give notice for the General to beat throughout the encampment, immediately upon which the tents will be struck and the baggage loaded.

A second gun will notify the troops mustered to march, upon which, a third gun being fired, a march will be beat, beginning with Capt Price's company of grenadiers. Proceed by the right by companies, and cross the Delaware River, and marcha to Newton to morrow. General Bloomfield will march with the troops as far as Newton ; Major Hunt will superintend the crossing of the troops, and Quarter Master Huron the baggage and encampment to-morrow evening.”

Monday, Trenton Camp, September 22d.--Agreeably to the foregoing order, the detachment was put in motion under the direction of Major Brooks, at the signal given, and commanded by General Bloomfield crossed the Delaware and encamped in Newton, situated ten miles from Trenton ; the inhabitants appear to be humane and friendly. Newton is a county town in Bucks county, well situated, stores well supplied and cheap. The camp supplied with straw, slept comfortable in tents-10 niles.

Tuesday, September 23d.—The detachment under the command of Colonel Forinan marched to the Crooked Billet; as the troops entered the town a Major Huff very complaisantly invited me home to his house, which I accepted, and with him rode to his house, 1} miles from camp; genteely entertained, and after breakfast next morning with him rode to camp again. Crooked Billet a small village, inbabitants very friendly-10 miles.

Wednesday, September 24th.-At 9 o'clock A. M., marched from the Crooked Billet to Norris Town, walked most of the way to let Capt. Wool ride; on entering the town the inhabitants received the troops very cordially, rang the bells of the town, and huzzaed for the Jersey troops; encamped and sup'd in town. Norris Town handsome and well situated on a hill, overlooking a pleasant country round.

A country town in Montgomery county -17 miles.

Thursday, September 25th.—Marched from Norris Town to Pots Grove ; arrived in the afternoon in the rain ; the inhabitants received the troops in their houses and barns through a wet vight ; put up at a tavern. landlady playing on a piano forte accompanied with her voice,

After supper agreeably entertained by the

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