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Pots Grove a small village, the street very muddy, but a good country round it-21 miles.

Friday, September 26th, 1794.-Marched at 8 o'clock to Reading, a compact town containing near 500 houses, some elegantly built, situated near the Schuylkill River; we encamped within a quarter mile of the town, lay there four days; the inhabitants descendants of Germany, and no other preaching but that of German. Stores well supplied and cheap, considering the distance from their seaport, which is Philadelphia ; two markets in the main street, attended at 1 o'clock A. M. by candle light-18 miles.

Tuesday, September 30th.--- At 11 o'clock crossed the Schuyl. kill River at the ferry in boats; marched to Middletown, pitched tents in the woods; inbabitants unfriendly, and disposed to take every advantage in trading with the soldiers. A small village on a side of a bill, almost all log houses, well built-14 miles.

Wednesday, October 1st.--Marched through a small village call. cd Morestown to Lebanon ; at Morestown Zach Bunell, one of the rear guard under the command of Capt. John Crane, of Orange, (New Jersey) was ordered to put an Irish insurgent by the name of Boid under guard, and in the execution of the order ran the said insurgent through with the bayonet, of which wound he in stantly died. Lebanon is a small town with very poor inhabi. tants; it was with the greatest difficulty we could get a supper in all the town, or any other necessary of life-14 miles.

Thursday, October 2d.-Marched to Hummelstown, a handsome village with kind inhabitants; we were invited into their houses, and had good entertainment in taverns-16 miles.

Friday, October 30.---Marched one mile to a river called Sweet Array, crossed in boats, and marched to Ilarrisburgh, and encamp ed on the banks of the Susquehanna River, a beautiful stream, abounding with rock fish, salmon and other small fish and fowl in abundance, also shad of the best kind in the season. The founder of this town, named Harris, buried in a stockade fort by

eason that the Indians prevented burying in the grave yarıl. Twenty years ago there were but three houses, and now it con. tains more than 200, beautifully situated on the banks of the river, some elegant houses, good market, and full stores. A county town in Dauphin county.

At 3 o'clock P. V. paraded and marched to town from where we were encamped, saluted the President of the United States, who passed by, after which returned to camp. Col. Forman, Ma

or Kipp and myself accepted an invitation from the President to take a glass of wine with him, after which dined very agreeably, and returned to camp; the inhabitants received us with every

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sey brigade of foot; 6th, the baggage of the Governors of Jersey and Pennsylvania, and their suite; 7th, the baggage of the legion ; 8th, the baggage of the Jersey troops ; 9th, the Pennsylvania troops of foot; 10th, their baggage ; 11th, a rear guard. In this order of march proceeded to Mount Rock-7 miles.

Saturday, October 11th, 1794.--Struck our tents at 7 o'clock A. M., and marched to Shippingsburgh; this town near a mile in length, mostly log houses, well built, two stories high, in a a hilly country, quite surprised me; found a large number of stores and taverns well supplied, the inhabitants kind and friendly in trade-14 miles.

Sunday, October 12th.-Marched to Strausburgh through a level country thinly inhabited; drew ammunition for the men at night. This town contains 50 houses, mostly log houses, well built, and lies at the foot of the Blue or North Mountain-11 miles.

Monday, October 13th.—Marched at 6 o'clock A M., and passed across the Blue or North Mountain, Horse Valley, Cat. tertona Mountain, Path Valley and Tuscorora Mountain ; these mountains are amazing high, and covered with rocks and stones, together with scrubby timber and shrubs. The road made and supported by the state of Pennsylvania, formed with a wall of stone on the lower side in such a manner as makes it extremely dangerous travelling in the night, and should a traveller step off the lower side of the road in some places he would fall a hun. dred feet at a reasonable computation. Few inhabitants in these mountains, living principally by keeping entertainment for travel. lers--15 miles.

Tuesday, October 14th.–At Fort Littletown tarried all day, to wait for the troops of Pennsylvania to vote for representatives of their state; drew three days' provision and prepared for marching next morning.

Wednesday, October 15th - Marched through a rough, mountainous country called Sidling IIill, few inhabitants and they very poor ; among them I found William Gray, and with him was poverty in the extreme-land barren, a few pines with low shrubs --being officer of the day was amazingly fatigued : at night encamped on the side of a hill, and was obliged to make our bed on stumps and stones without straw or leaves at Mr. Skinner's— 12 miles.

Thursday, October 16th.-Marched from Skinners through a wilderness country called the Shadows of Death, which is a deep valley between two mountains, so nearly joining, and so amazing

steep and high, that the valley only affords a narrow wagon path
between them, the height of the mountains obscures the light of
the sun, and the rocks and pines hanging over the road in such
a manner as makes it the most gloomy place I ever saw above
ground; this road opens at the end of a mountain to a river called
Juniatta, a beautiful stream running a northerly direction, the
bank of which in some places was computed to be 500 feet high,
on each side-16 miles.

Friday, October 17th, 1794.--Marched to Bedford and encamped on the side of a hill which overlooks the town--this town contains near a hundred houses, mostly built with logs, and two stories high, the inhabitants appear to be a heathenish, grovelling sort of people, inostly Irish, and although a county town there is not a church in it; no preaching but the Methodist. We remained there several days, in which time the following arrangements took place, and other incidents.

Saturday, October 18th.--General Bloomfield arrived in camp.

Sunday, October 19th — The Jersey light-horse and Pennsylvania foot arrived in towń to the number of 700 men.

Monday, October 20th.—The detachment of Jersey infantry under the command of Col. Davenport arrived in camp, and all the troops, both of Jersey and Pennsylvania, were reviewed by the Governors of the two states and other general officers. This day several whiskey men brought in prisoners by the light-horse.

Muster Roll of the Field and Staff Officers in the 2d Regiment under the command of Majors Gould and Kipp, of New Jersey Infantry, October 2011, 1794.


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Major 1st Battalion
Major 2d do.
Surgeon Mate
Quarter Master
Pay Master
Sergeant Major

William Gould,
Isaac Kipp,
John Chetwood,
John T. Crane,
James Ballard,
Jonathan Ogden,
Robert G. Johnson,
Isaac Dod,

Dates of
Sept. 3


24 Oct. 22



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Tuesday, October 21st.—Received orders from General Bloomfield that the two detachments under the command of Colonels Forman and Davenport should be arranged into three regiments, the first under the command of Col. Davenport, the second under tho command of Majors Gould and Kipp, (and that Col. Stark, who was detailed for that regiment, should return home,) the third under the command of Col. Forman. Agreeably to the order, received the command of six companies, viz: Capt. John Cranes, Capt. Minton's, Capt. Copper's, Capt. Stull's, Capt.

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Brown's and Capt. Wool's; drew clothing for the regiment and prepared for marching.

Thursday, October 23d.--Agrecably to division orders, marched from Bedford to Mount Rock in the following order,-1st, the advance guard, with the dragoons in front; 2d, the Jersey infantry; 3d, the artillery and ammunition wagons; 4th, the baggage of the Jersey infantry; 5th, the Pennsylvania troops; 6th, their baggage; 7th, the cavalry; 8th, the rear guard, &c.-7 miles.

Muster Roll of the company officers of the 2d Regiment under the command of Majors Gould and Kipp, formed from detachment, October 220, 1794.

Names of Captaivs. (Rank. Lieutenants. Rank. Ensigns. Rank Capt. John Crane,

Joseph Siglar,

Jacob Zabriskie,
Capt. Lemuel Minton, Henry Conkling, James Minton,
Capt. Garret Copper, Thoinas Blanch,

David Demarest,
Capt. Stephen Brown, Isaac Wooley,
Capt. Joseph Stull, 5 Henry Merchall, William Stout Lieut
Capt. Isaiah Wool.

Daniel Oliver.

Samuel Standburry. Friday, October 24th, 1794.-Marched at sunrise to the foot of the Alleghany Mountain-10 miles.

Saturday, October 25th.—Marched at 7 o'clock, and in crossing the Alleghany Mountain near the top took the right hand through the glades over Laurel Hill, (when the Pennsylvania troops took the left towards Bretton.) The weather being stormy and cold, roads all cut up with wagons, horses beat out, wagons mired and two turned over, men obliged to walk in mud ankle decp, and at night obliged to lie down in the niud to sleep, some with tents and some without, through a stormy night—12 miles.

Sunday, October 26th* -The weather continued very stormy, and at the beating of the general much confusion and dissatisfac

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*“Division ORDERS.--Black's, October 25th, 1794.–Parole, Patterson.-Counter:

sign, Ellis.--Oficer of the day, Col. Davenport.--Adjutant Hollonshead.

The provisions drawn must be cooked this night, and the general will beat at sunrise. Fifteen minutes after beating the assembly the whole will march, which beat must take place precisely at 7 o'clock A. M. ; the guards for to-morrow will be the same from cavalry and infantry as detailed for the proportion of our wing for this day. No huzzaing or shouting will be permitted in camp, and the signal of (all is well) is to be omitted in this broken ground. It has been seen by the commanding officer that contrary to his instructions and own express orders, windows have been broken, geese, turkeys and fowls taken, and property of many kinds invaded. The oflicers of the day will therefore examine the messes and confine such as he has reason to think guilty of marauding, and their captains are directed to stop the value of the things taken out of their pay, and punish the disobedience of orders: which is substituted for the rewards offered for the disobedience and convictions in former orders. One gill of whiskey will be issued to the troops extraordinary before sunrise to-morrow morning.

RICHARD HOWELL, Commandant of the right wing,"

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