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having a discharge from the Colonel on accouot of an accident a few days ago ; likewise Clement Remington and Jos. Riley got
); each of them a discharge, but did not set out. The day tvas so bad and so much labor going on, that we had no exercise, but some ball play-at which some dispute arose among the officers, but was quelled without rising high. Lodged in marquee as usual, though very wet and cold.
Tuesday, October 1st, 1776.-Blustering cold weather. Mount. ed guard at 8 o'clock on the main guard-which has nothing but a log cabin without cover, except a little brush, which made it ex. ceeding cold standing. Wood choppers and batteaux men were out to day, but no exercise.
The officers played ball most of the afternoon. Wrote a letter to Mr. D--. Being on guard all night we came near perish ing, having our bodies exposed to a severe white frost, which troze the ground hard, and some of the men barefooi.
Are informed by Major Hubbell from Albany, that the troops have evacuated New York, taking with them the most part of the cannon and effects. Few men were killed-the largest num. ber of the enemy. It is said they are now fortifying abont 14 miles from each her.
Wednesday, October 2d, 1776,-Not very well—seemed almost chilled through by my last night's exposure. Made report of the guard and was relieved. Clement Remington and Jos. Riley set out home this morning, by whom I sent my letters. A general Court Martial sitting, whereof Major Barber is President, for the trial of two of the Artillery Corporals for desertion.
A of Enquiry to sit to-morrow morning at 9 o'clock, at the President's room, to collect some witnesses to be sent to a general Court Martial, now about to sit at Albany by order of his Excellency General Washington.
The evidence was respecting the plundering of the Hall at Johnstown.
The general Court Martial, ordered by Col. Dayton, sat to-day according to order.
After they had concluded the business laid before them, there being a number of colts among them, they began drinking wine, which they continued successively till about 10 o'clock at night. Many of them got very happy; upon which, appointing Capts. Dickinson and Potter and Major Barber, Sachems, they knocked up an Indian dance, at which they yelled much-all this was done within the Fort: Mr, Kirkland and myself sitting in a room con.
tiguous thereto, discoursing on the scenes and vicisitudes of war all the time. We had prayers and roll call in the evening as usual, without any particular occurrence happening.
Thursday, October 3d, 1776.-The morning was exceeding wet, and so continued all day, so that nothing more was done but guard mounting and roll call, except by the artificers.
Most of the Court Martial people were here (in our room to which I have moved in barracks with the Captain,) and seem very squeamish after last night's merry dance. Unwell from a catarrh and diarrhæa; likewise a cutaneous eruption, which is now epi. demical in our camp. Drank tea in the evening in the Major's room with him, Parson Kirkland, Captain, &c. : after which we went to Roof's in order to lodge, where some officers were play: ing cards; and being bantered by Major Hubbell, I laid and won aud lost, according to the fate of gambler's: however, when I left off, had three dollars to pay him, which I did in hand, besides one bowl.
Friday, October 4th, 1776.— It was damp and cold. I and Lieut. Cox were sent into the woods with the working party to get fire. wood, which we drew home in wagons-continued all day thereat, and came home at night with the ague on me. An express arrived from Albany to the Colonel, ordering him to send with all possi. ble speed all the officers which may be of any service in the trial of Col. White and the other officers, for which a Court is now sitting
Lt. Bellord, with a party of 20 men, went off to-day with the cattle to Canada Creek, where they are to stay with them 10 days, pasturing. Likewise Indian John, Sergeants Scoby, Cartonch, with several others, and Peter Birney from our Company, set out to Oswego, to make discovery. Lodged within the Fort.
Saturday, October 5th, 1776.- This day Major Barber, Lieuts. Mott, Pierson, Anderson and Ensign Reading, with Capt. Osborn, of Potter's Company, set out from here to Albany as evidences on the trial of Col. White, Capts. Patterson and Ross, respecting the plundering of Johnson Hall, which seems as though it would not be settled until our regiment is broken up. Visited the sick in their old lousy hospital, which represents such a scene of wretchedness that one could hardly bear to behold the abject souls therein confined. But the Colonel moving into the barracks, they were permitted to remove into his house.
In the evening Capt. Potter with his officers moved into the room contiguous to ours, and between which there is no partition, and we spent the evening together in great mirth and jovial friendship.
Sunday, October 6th, 1776.--Cloudy, raw and cold weather. Mr. Kirkland being gone to the Oneida Castle, we had no preaching to-day; roll call and guard mounting were attended' morning and evening, and the articles of war read to the regiment. Capt. Potter with his officers living with us, we spent the day in reading and social chat.
“Fort ScHUYLER, October 6th, 1776. “ Col. DAYTON'S ORDERS.
“ PAROLE--PENNSYLVANIA. “ Officer of the day, to.morrow, Capt. Bloomfield. Officers of the guard, Lt. Elmer and Ensign Patterson.
“ The new guard are to remain under arms until the old guard is marched off: the officers of the guards are to keep their men very silent from the time they march from the Regimental Parade until they return there again and are dismissed. The Colonel expects for the future the relief will turn out without so much noise, as every one is to keep at the guard house and turn out at the first call. One officer from each company is constantly to attend roll call the commanding officer of each company is ordered to at. tend, or be answerable that some officer does attend."
"Information being given of some of the soldiers being so imprudent as to sell their necessary clothing, such as shoes, shirts, &c., it is positively ordered that no soldier shall sell any of his necessary wearing apparel on any pretence whatsoever. Sutlers retailing spirituous liquors who shall purchase any of their cloth. ing, shall be punished for disobedience of orders and immediately be obliged to return the articles so purchased."
The first account we have of the Indians, who call themselves Rodinunchsiouns, now commonly known by the name of the Six Nations, (formerly of the Five, and by the French called les Iro. quois,) was from the French who settled Canada under Mr. Cham. plain, their first Governor, in the year 1603, six years before the Dutch settled New York. When the French first arrived they found the Adirondacks at war with the Five Nations. The Adirondacks formerly lived about 100 leagues above Trois Ri. vieres, where now the Utawas live. The Five Nations by the war, being undisciplined thereto, were drove from their habitations over the Lakes, where they improved greatly in the arts of war and getting war implements, withstood them and proved victo.
Monday, October 7th, 1776.–Wet and stormy day. I was put on guard at guard mounting with Ensign Patterson, and was much fatigued with the disagreeable main guard, which is not ac. commodated with a sufficient house; but notwithstanding stood to it pretty well all day and night.
“ FORT SCHUYLER, October 7th, 1776. “REGIMENTAL ORDERS,
“PAROLE-MARYLAND. “Officer of the day, to-morrow, Capt. Imlay. Officers of the guard, Lieuts. Quimby and Hennion. Guards, &c.
“A Court Martial to sit to-morrow morning to try such prisoners as shall be brought before them. Captain Sharp, President. Members-Lieuts. Hagan and Elmer, and Ensigns Patterson and Gillaudet.
“The officer of the guard is to be very particular in directing the Corporal when he goes to relieve the sentries, that he keep the relief in close order and perfectly silent, and not a word to be spoken only by the Corporal, and that only to give direction to the sentries. The Corporal is to attend to the orders the old sen try gives the new; and if the orders are misunderstood and given wrong, the Corporal will take notice of it and put him right." Nothing can be more unbecoming a military character than to have a noisy guard. The officer of the guard is not only expected to keep the guard peaceable and still, but is to quell any disturb. ance he may bear in camp. “ELIAS DAYTON, Col.”
Lts. Sabre and Flanningham returned from Oneida Castle. The night proved wet and exceeding dark; we, however, made out as well as possible in our hut-like house, but was not able to lay down or take any sleep during the whole night, which passed away without any alarm or disturbance in camp.
Tuesday-Made reports of the guard, and was relieved at the usual time.
"FORT SCHUYLER, October Sth, 1776. “REGIMENTAL ORDERS.
“PAROLE-VIRGINIA. “ Officer of the day, to-morrow, Capt. Reading. Oilicers of the guards, Lieuts. Flanningham and Hagan-guards, &c.
“The Colonel is sorry to observe that the orders with respect to firing have not been more strictly attended to, and that he is obliged to repeat them forbidding any person to fire on any ac: count without leave of the commanding officer; both commis. sioned and non-commissioned officers are to be very careful in seeing this order complied with as far as in their power.
E. DAYTOX.” The day was exceeding warm for the time of year, so that one could hardly bear their coats on. Was sitting on the Court Mar. tial ordered yesterday, and tried Samuel Osborn, of Capt. Patter.
son's Company, for getting drunk on his guard. The Court found him guilty, and sentenced him to receive 20 lashes on his bare back, which was put in execution at roll call. Likewise Morris Wooden, charged with absenting himself from his guard, and found him in some measure guilty, and therefore ordered that he be confined one day on bread and water, be publicly reprimanded at the head of the regiment, and return to his duty. The officers played ball some. By Capt. Bloomfield's orders I was obliged to lie in the tents along with the men, whilst he in quietude sleeps in the house.
Wednesday, October 9th, 1776.–The day was wet; attended roll call and turning out the guard according to orders.
A Court was called at 9 o'clock—whereof Capt. Bloomfield, President, Licuts. Savage, Elmer, Hennion and Ensign Kinney were members.
They tried Serg. Harker, our Quarter Master Sergeant, who stood charged with alledging that Lt. Funniwell had disposed of candles belonging to public stores, and of giving said Lieutenant the lie. The Court, by examination of evidences, found the prisoner guilty only of some few inadvertant speeches not design. edly against the character of said Lieut., and therefore order him to be publicly reprimanded, and beg the Lieutenant's pardon at the head of the regiment. Whilst on the Court the Captain, by my opposing some sentiments, which I deemed improper, charged me publicly with taking a Tory rascal's part. I immediately re'sented the same-he hushed me, and so I let the matter drop; but this will serve for me to remember the kindness by. This affair happened upon the trial of a Sutler named Grant Cottle for de. frauding a soldier, and suffering and making a party in a fray, which so far appeared, that we thought proper to order him to return the money and leave this place immediately.
Mr. Kirkland, Lt. Cox, and the others who went to the Oneida Castle last Friday, returned to-day. Extract of a letter from General Clinton, dated Kingsbridge, Sep
tember 18th, 1776 :
" About the middle of last week it was determined for many reasons to evacuate the city of New York, and accordingly orders were given for removing the ordnance, military and other stores from thence, which by Sunday morning was nearly effected. On Saturday four of the enemy's large ships passed by the city up the North River, and anchored near Greenwich, and about as many more up the East River, which anchored in Turtle Bay; and from the movements of the enemy on Long Island, and the small Islands in the East River, we had great reason to apprehend they intended