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waited on Col. Wayne in the evening, and received orders re. specting my march.

Return of the sick belonging to Captain Bloomfield's company, Mt. Independence, January 1st, 1777:

Gone down to Albany-Serg. Street Maskell, Fifer Henry Bragg, Privates Daniel Laurence, Elijah Wheaton, Oth. Johnson, Samuel Jackson, James Ray, Robert Griggs, John Casperson, Philip Sheppard.

Present-Sergeants Preston Hannah, John Reeves, Corporals John Jones, Thomas Parker, Dr. Joel Garrison, Privates Wm. Tullis, Eli Moore, Reade Sheppard, Azariah Casto, Peter Shep pard, James Yates, Daniel Ireland, Uriah Maul, Davis Langley, Charles Bowen.

Thursday, January 30th, 1777.—About 10 o'clock set out on the scout, and proceeded on the ice, which proved exceeding slippery, up to Crown Point; a little before sunset, very wearied with travelling, took up our lodgings at one McKinzie's, on the Point. The works on the Point are very elegant, though much damaged, and the situation pleasant for a campaign.

Friday, January 31st, 1777.-After viewing the fortifica. tions, we proceeded on down the Lake in order to make discoy. eries : passed by several inhabitants, and after travelling eight or ten miles making no discoveries of any enemy, we returned in the evening to our former lodgings, where we stayed again all night as quietly as before. Am informed by the inhabitants that the regular army which was here last fall consisted of 10 regular reg. iments, 500 Indians, and 500 Canadians.

Saturday, February 1st, 1777.--After getting breakfast, &c., we set out for home about 9 o'clock and arrived there about 3 o'clock, P. M., when I waited on Col. Wayne, informing him of

Found that Lt. Col. Barber had received a letter from Col. Dayton, Parson Caldwell and Major Bloomfield corrobora. ting the former salutary account from the Jerseys, and that a capital engagement was shortly to be expected with the King's troops, which are yet at Brunswick. Likewise that Dr. Elmer is in the Continental Congress, Dr. Potter and Abijah Holmes com. manders of a regiment raised till April, with whom are Josiah Seeley, Joseph Ransay and others, Ogden, Maskell and Pierson Captains. The officers received their warrants.

Sunday, February 20, 1777.-Captains Sharp and Dayton set out from here to return to the Jerseys last Thursday.

Friday, February 7th, 1777.–Clear, pleasant weather. Stayed in the house playing cards, &c., a great part of the day.

my route.

Saturday, February Sth, 1777.-A scout ordered from our regiment tomorrow, Lt. Mott to command it.

[Sunday, February 9th, 1777.--Scout set out according to yesterday's orders. No troops coming in, nor any prospect of our leaving the ground, though the men's times are expiring in swift succession.

Tuesday, February 11th, 1777.—The garrison at present consists, on Mt. Independence side, of our broken regiment, 210 ef fective, and 30 men of Warner's regiment. Ti side, 500, Col. Robertson, and 400 Col. Simons, all raw militia. Cards and drinking are the diversions which the whole garrison are daily employed at. Major Hay and wife, Major Barber, Col. Wayne, Major Ryan, Dr. McGray and McDole furnish a very intimate club. Our scout returned without any discovery.

Wednesday, February 12th, 1777.-Latc at night the scout out from Warner's regiment returned, reporting that they saw a large number of regulars and Indians coming down upon us, upon which Col. Wayne sent over to Major Barber to reinforce our south guard with an officer and 12 men, and to alarm the whole garrison that they might be prepared for an attack. I ac. cordingly was about till one o'clock A. M., when we all went to bed and slept unmolested till morning. The whole garrison to parade to.morrow.

Thursday, February 13th, 1777.—This day the whole of the forces composing the garrison of Ticonderoga and Mt. Inde. pendence were paraded on the ice, our proper alarm posts pointed out, &c. Two Frenchmen from Canada were brought in prisoners, who informed us that on their way they saw at two different times a number of Indians, about 200, coming this way, and that we might therefore expect them here around our encampment for prisoners; they further say that Burgoyne is gone home; Charl. ton with a good part of the troops at Quebec: Gen. Philips with 1200 at Montreal; a number at St. Johns, Chamble, and Laprarie. By their appearing friendly, and declaring that they ran away in order to come over to us, and showing tokens which proved that they had been in our service last year, they were let liberty. We began to get abatus to lay round our picket fortification which encompasses our barrack in order for a more solid defence.

Saturday, February 15th, 1777.-A fatigue party from our reg. iment was ordered out to place the abatus as fast as they were hauled, at which I labored part of the day. We are informed that troops are coming in, but cannot as yet have the satisfaction of beholding them.

go at their

Sunday, February 16th, 1777.- About 40 or 50 troops came in this afternoon, which gives us some hopes of leaving here some time this spring, at any rate. Mrs. Hay set out in a sleigh for Albany.

Monday, February 17th, 1777.—Spent most of the day in the house, reading, &c. In the afternoon laid abatus for some time. Ordered to take my guard to.morrow morning. Adjutant Sheppard returned to the regiment late this evening, but brings no material news.

Tuesday, February 18th, 1777.-Went on guard at the usual time of mounting, and continued all day and night as usual vigi. lant on my post without the least molestation.

Wednesday, February 19th, 1777.-Was relieved by Lt. Ge. laudit at the usual hour, and I waked up the guard and dismissed them. Ordered the whole troops which compose this garrison to parade tomorrow morning; likewise ordered to send the sick from each company to Albany in sleds to morrow morning.

Thursday, February 20th, 1777.-Regiment paraded, but the inclemency of the weather prevented our going on the ice for exercise, and after some short time were dismissed.

Friday, February 21st, 1777.—Some few troops came in, so that we expect in a short time to be relieved.

Saturday, February 22d, 1777.–Sent down to Albany sick, Elijah Moore, David Dare, Alex. Jones, Wm. McGee and Daniel Ireland. Afterwards went over in company with sundry officers to dine. Spent the evening in drawing a muster roll for the M. M. General, who is to muster our regiment to-morrow.

A scene something diverting, though of a tragic nature, was exhibited some time ago on this ground; the men died so fast for some time that the living grew quite wearied in digging graves for the dead in this rocky, frozen ground: when it happened one day that two of our men being dead, graves were dug for them, but whilst they were busicd in preparing the corpses and bring. ing them to the place, the Pennsylvanians took two of their dead men and carried them to the graves our men had dug, having none prepared of their own, and were just finishing their last kind offices to them, in covering them over in our mother earth, when our men arrived with theirs, and finding the Pennsylvanians making use of their repository a wrangle between the two par. ties ensued; and finally, our men proving the strongest dug up the others and buried their dead in their own vaults, so the others were obliged to cover their dead in gutters with logs and stone, thinking it too hard to labor so much for those for whom they might never expect any return as to cover them with frozen earth. Sunday, February 23d, 1777.—This day, in consequence of Col. Barber's orders, the whole of our regiment, waiters, artificers, &c., hospital patients only excepted, were paraded, consist ing of upwards of 250, and mustered by Col. Varick, M. M. General.

Monday, February 24th, 1777.--Oliver Shaw died very suddenly in the evening after a short sickness, with full reason to the

very last.

Tuesday, February 25th, 1777.—Major Stevens with a company of artillery, arrived here to-day, as also Col. Baldwin, Chief Engineer; likewise upwards of 100 militia from the Mohawk river. Buried Oliver Shaw.

Wednesday, February 26th, 1777.—Busy in drawing out my muster rolls. Col. Bellenger and Capt. Isenlord being Major of this detachment of militia came to see me to say. Major Stevens, Dr. Sergeant and some other gentlemen dined with us. A company more of artillery arrived here, well rigged and prepared for a campaign, coming from Boston. Expect to march homewards on Sunday next.

Friday, February 28th, 1777.-Orders were given this day for Col. Dayton's regiment to be taken off duty and prepare to leave the ground on Sunday morning at sunrise, we therefore began to prepare therefor.

Saturday, March 1st, 1777.-Delivered in the bed-ticks and other articles, and then went over with a company to take our farewell dinner at Wallis's, and by the fumes of wine, egg rum and all-fours, a very homogeneous mixture indeed, I was considerably intoxicated; nevertheless came home and prepared for marching to-morrow.

Sunday, March 2d, 1777.--Arose very early, and tackled up everything. Just as the drums beat the assembly I paraded the men; and as soon as the baggage was all packed up, without eating one mouthful, set out on the march with our men, in company with Capt. Dickerson's, Potter's and Ross's companies, and proceeded up the Lake towards Skeenesborough on the slippery road.

We arrived at Skecnesborough very tired, without cating, about two o'clock, and many being as yet behind; yet we pressed on with such as had arrived, leaving one sleigh to bring up the rear. I marched on with Capt. Dickerson about six miles, when it being just sunset the sleighs came up and we got in to ride, taking in all the men we could, and drove on, leaving a number behind. It being very cold, and not arriving at Fort Ann, 52 miles, till late in the evening, I had well nigh frozen stiff before we got there; after getting our men in the barracks a sleigh was sent back a few miles to take up any that might be perishing on

95

the road, they soon returned with several. To be short, after a world of trouble I got some supper, and Lieut. Harrison and I, laid down our blankets, upon the floor, to take our rest, but my hips were so sore and my limbs so weary that I got but little all night.

Monday, March 3d, 1777.--After waiting until about 8 o'clock for the rear to come up in vain, we set out and marched down the road. I travelled on foot about 8 miles below Fort Edward and then got in a sleigh and rode to within two miles of Saratoga, and then got out and went on foot there, and got in the barracks, which are pretty spacious, and stayed all night, with Capt. Dick. erson, Reading, &c.

Tuesday, March 4th, 1777.-Made the best of our way to Albany through the new city; arrived in town just at dusk, having only 14 of my men with me, whom I got in the barracks and then took my lodgings with Capt. Gifford and Mr. Nercross, at Mrs. Willetts, and there got in a good bed, which, after such a fatiguing march, was very agreeable, and a great contrast to what I have been accustomed of late.

Wednesday, March 5th, 1777.-A number of our men who were left behind arrived to-day, as also Col. Barber and the whole of the officers. We paraded at sunset, and received orders to parade again to.morrow morning at 9 o'clock.

Left Albany March 7th, and arrived in Esopus the 9th ; left Esopus, otherwise Kingston, March 11th, travelled by the way of the Wallkills through New Paltz, and arrived at Goshen the 13th; left Goshen March 15th, travelled on by way of Florida and through Sussex, and arrived at Col. Dayton's on the Succasunnah Plains, the 17th, where we lodged all night.

Tuesday, March 18th, 1777.-Left Col. Dayton's early in the morning and pushed on till we arrived in Morristown, about 12 o'clock; found the place quite desolate. In the evening Dr. Elmer arrived in town on business to his Excellency, Gen. Washington.

Wednesday, March 19th, 1777.-- Pleasant day; paraded twice; towards evening the Colonel arrived, but was not able to give us our final determination respecting our discharges. Spent the day among my friends.

Thursday, March 20th, 1777.-Major Bloomfield came up here last evening. Drew the pay for my company for two months, made out our pay roll, &c.

On Sunday, the 23d, we set out for home, and I arrived at Bridgetown the Friday following, being the 28th of March, having been from there a year and one day, and oh! that I might be truly thankful to God who has brought me safely back.

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