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Spent my time among my friends, settling accounts, providing clothing for another campaign, &c., until Sunday, 13th April, 1777, when I took leave of all my friends present, and set out in company with Mr. Mackey on horseback for Philadelphia, putting trust in the Lord of Hosts, who, I am fully persuaded, is able to preserve through the following as well as the former campaign. Lodged that night at “Death of the Fox,” after passing through Woodstown and spending some hours with Dr. Duffe. Monday, 14th, arrived in Philadelphia, and there continued till Tuesday evening, when I went across to meet my chest and the Doctor's wife and James Ramsey, who have moved up. Likewise came up Capt. Gifford—we continued in town till Thursday, 17th, about 12 o'clock, when, having got our chests in a powder wagon going to Princeton, we travelled on thither. Lodged that night at Nashamany Ferry.
Friday, April 18th.-Set out and travelled on to Trenton, where we continued this night, viewing the ruins caused by the enemy's devastations.
Saturday, April 19th. -Set out and went to Princeton ; waited on his Honor, Gen. Putnam, for a wagon and pass to join our reg. iment. Spent the afternoon and night with Lieuts, Bowen and Eli Elmer of the Artillery there.
Sunday, April 20th.-Having got a wagon bound for Morris. town, we set out and travelled through the rain to Raritan, where I parted from the wagons, allowing my chest to go on, and trav. elled on through Bonnd Brook, Quibble Town, Samptown, &c., to Col. Shrieves' quarters near Spanktown, where I arrived about 9 o'clock in the evening, and agreed to enter as Surgeon Mate under Dr. Lewis Howell their Surgeon.
Monday, April 21st.-Spent the day in visiting some of the sick, &c. In the evening had an alarm by some firing of the enemy.
Tuesday, April 22d.—This day we were again alarmed, and so continued to be almost every day and night the week out. Wed. nesday night Capt. Lucy with a party of 60 men and 3 subalterns, went out to surprise the enemy's picquet near Amboy, but by its being removed they were not able to accomplish it as was de. sired, they however killed one sentinel and knocked down another; the garrison hearing the fire came out to their relief, upon which our men were obliged to retire. Thursday night Capt. Tlahaven went out with 20 men, but unluckily getting, as was supposed, within their lines in the dark and rain, not so much as one escaped to tell us of the fate of the rest; upon which the officers were lavish in their opinions concerning the affair, some commended
him as being a very brave officer, others disapproved the action and his conduct; upon the whole, I believe his bravery was indisputable, but his enterprising disposition and thirst for honor led him beyond the bounds of true bravery or good conduct.
Saturday there was firing with the enemy at or near Piscataway, which alarmed the troops all along the lines, and kept us under arms for a considerable time, till it was found to be nothing more than exercising among themselves, when the men were dis. missed. Dr. Howell and Capt. Lowry set out home to-day.
Sunday, April 27th.-Spent some of the day with Dr. Riker, of Col. Alverton's Regiment, visiting the sick, &c., among whom Lieut. Bowman is one, very bad with a bilious fever. Monday, April 28th.–Very cold for the season.
Went up to the medicine chest, which is about four miles from our quarters, to make a return of the medicines and instruments to the Director General, and bring down some for the sick.
Tuesday, April 29th.—The troops were all paraded, and some orders read to them by Gen. Maxwell. The division we are in is commanded by Gen. Stephens.
Thursday, May 1st.—Col. Ogden, and Captains Peatt and, Beeker dined with us at head quarters.
Friday, May 2d.—The enemy seem to be hatching something, as they have given us no alarm this two or three days.
Sunday, May 4th. Employed in attending the sick, &c., which falls wholly on me now in the absence of the Surgeon.
Monday, May 5th.—Exercised myself in going to the medicine chest, &c. Court Martial setting at our quarters to try sundry prisoners, Col. Ogden, President, who dined with us. Much of the folly of gallantry is to be learned in the army, for my part I every day conceive a greater aversion to it.
Thursday, May 8th.—Some firing was heard at or near Brunswick, but what the occasion was we have not heard. At night Joseph Murphey, being sent on an errand to get some pigs for roasters with another lad, led him near Amboy, when Murpbey declared he would not come back, so the other ran off and he proceeded on.
Friday, May 9th.-Was informed this evening that the firing heard yesterday was an engagement between the ministerial cutthroats at Brunswick and Gen. Putnam, near Rocky Hill.
Saturday, May 10th.—Yesterday was observed between one and three o'clock P. M., the Moon three days old and a star a little distance off. The report of the engagement between Gen. Putnam and the enemy yesterday proved false. This afternoon
Gens. Stephens and Maxwell took about one-half the men at Quibbletown and Samptown, with a part of Cols. Cook's and Hendrick's Regiment, leaving the rest as a guard, and went to the picquets at Piscataway, where they had a considerable brush with the 71st Regiment of Scotch regulars, and made them retire getting possession of some part of their quarters, when a rein. forcement of the enemy coming from Bonhamtown forced them to retreat, taking with them some small matter of stores; the loss on our side was two killed, two or three taken prisoners, with a number wounded not yet ascertained. Twas supposed by what they saw that the enemy had near 30 killed, beside the wounded. Our people did as much as was expected, not intending to attempt any thing more than to give them an alarm. The same time there came out a number from Amboy, we mustered and went in pursuit of them, but they retiring, we could not get one slap at them. The account above I had from Gen. Maxwell, who was present, and came and lodged with us all night.
Sunday, May 11th, 1777.- In the afternoon we were alarmed by our picquets, who discovered the enemy in Woodbridge, so the whole of the troops were got under arms and sent in pursuit of them, but they retired upon our advancing, and thus ended the fray.
Monday, May 12th.—The whole of the sick were examined and I sent them off with two wagons to Westfield to the number of 36, and rode up, got them into quarters, and stayed all night at Dr. Philemon Elmer's.
Tuesday, May 13th.--After getting breakfast I went to visit the sick and made return thereof to Maj. Weatherspoon. Rode off to get Col. Shrieves's horse shod, and then returned home. Dr. IIowell returned this evening.
We are certainly informed that in the action at Piscataway last Saturday we had killed and missing 26 or 27 men, four however were supposed to have taken that opportunity to desert.
Wednesday, May 14th.--Played ball, &c., till some time in the afternoon, when I walked up to Mr. DeCamp's, where I tarried all night. Capt. Reading, &c., was to see us to day.
Thursday, May 15th.--Dr. lIowell came up to my quarters, and after putting up a quantity of medicines we rode off' to Westfield to visit our sick, which we found rather recovering from what they were. Stopped at Gen. Maxwell's quarters, where we dined with Major Weatherspoon and set a while.
Sunday, May 18th.-Came to my lodgings early in the morning, Dr. Howell and Quarter Master Osburn, on their way to
Morristown, by whom I sent two letters, one to Major Eisenlord, the other to Dr. Read. In the evening the Rev. Jonathan Elmer came to see me, to whom I was introduced by his son, the Doctor.
Thursday, May 22, 1777.–Drummer Grimes of our regiment out on a scout last night with three or four men, took a very good horse from within the enemy's lines.
Friday, May 23d.-In the afternoon went to visit the sick in Westfield: returning, came across Mr. Casey, with whom I spent a few hours at the tavern with a couple of young ladies, and then about 7 o'clock at night returned to my lodgings.
Saturday, May 24th.-Capt. Stout came to my quarters and informed me of the order for our regiment to march, and his going to Westfield for all that were able to go. Soon after Dr. Howell came with a wagon to carry off the medicine chest. Leaving me behind to take care of all the sick at Westfield, they set out for Bound Brook, the whole troops on the lines went off at night, carts and 'wagons with guards going.
Sunday, May 25th.--This morning we were alarmed before day by the Pennsylvania troops, which were moving towards Westfield and leaving the lines below entirely bare. About 8 o'clock I set out for Westfield to see the sick, but when I came there found they were all moved off to Chatham, and the troops, stores, and every thing gone off from here to Bound Brook. Could not get the least information, nor did I know what to do, as my chest and two sick were at Mr. Decamp's exposed to the enemy, nor knew I whether I must follow the sick or not. In the afternoon came back, found the regulars were out at Samptown and had plundered several inbabitants; those in this quarter began to pack up for a start, I concluded as being left to take care of the sick
best way to endeavor to get a wagon and carry my chest and the sick away after the others, but could not accomplish it this evening. The inhabitants assembled and kept a guard for the security of the place all night, so that though I slept but little yet was not disturbed.
[The subsequent portions of the Journal are wanting, with the exception of a few orders. The following Diary closes Dr. Elmer's Memoranda.]
August 24th, 1782.-.. The infantry of the Jersey line marched from their huts to join the others at Peckskill.
August 26th....We received orders to march for King's Ferry the 29th.
August 29th.... We marched from our huts to a bridge below Pompton meeting house, and encamped for the first time this year.
August 30, 1782....Decamped at 3 o'clock and marched to Suf.
frien's Tavern where we lay this night, being the coldest for the season that ever I knew.
August 31st.... Marched as before, and encamped near King's Ferry.
September 1st....We decamped, marched to the Ferry and crossed; where we joined the whole of the Northern Army and took our station on the right near the Ferry.
September 2d.—I was ordered from camp to our huts, in order to take care of and bring up the men left behind. The ground the driest it has ever been known in this country.
September 11th.—A fine shower in the morning. At dusk arrived in camp with Lieut. Buck, and found the army very beautifully situated in one line with fine worked and arched bowers in front.
September 14th.--Count Rochambeau arrived in camp. The whole army were paraded to receive him and paid him the honors due to the Commander-in-Chief. After the salute he was pleased to express his entire approbation of their appearance and behavior.
September 16th.—The French began to cross their baggage, artillery, &c. Fatigue parties from our army were employed in
&c crossing them day and night, till the night of the 18th instant, when the whole got over, consisting of about 5000, including artillery, &c., and about 5000 horses, with a very great quantity of baggage.
September 22d.... Second Jersey Regiment on fatigue to West Point.
September 30th.--Returned by the same route.
October 11th.--The Jersey and 1st Massachusetts brigades were mustered.
October 12th.--Our troops were manæuvred with the 1st Mas, sachusetts brigade by the Baron himself, and performed well.
October 19th.-A part of the army were brigaded and manæu. vred with blank cartridges, which they fired.
October 24th.--The army passed the Minister of War in review, and performed many evolutions in his presence to satisfaction.
October 26th.—The left wing marched to go into quarters.
October 27th.--The right wing marched. 2d Connecticut bris ade halted near Continental village, where they will hut. Connecticut brigade marched on and crossed to West Point they are to garrison this winter. York and Jersey gage opposite West Point, where we encamped.
October 28th.--Crossed and marched over 11 Murderer's Creek, where we received our ba