formed they were of the Benedictine order, The English army suffers considerably; which has always rendered itself illus. has no longer ammunition and haggage, and trious in literature and science, both in France half the English cavalry is on foot. Since and Italy, he condescended to express the sa- our departure from Benevente up to the 5tki tisfaction he felt at owing this obligation to instant, we counted on the road 1800 Engthem. In general, the clergy of this city are lish horses, that had been killed. good. The monks wlio are dangerous are the The remains of Roniana's army are found fanatic Dominicans who had got possession of wandering, abont in all directions. The rethe Inquisition, and who having bathed iheis mains of the army of Mayorca, of Iberia, hauds in the blood of a Frenchman, had the of Barcelona, and of Naples, are made prie sacrilegious cowardice to swear on the Gospel soners. that the unfortunate man who was demanded General Maupetet, on the side of Zamora, of them was not dead, but had been carried with his brigade of dragovns, having come to an hospital, and who afterwards owned, up with a column of 800 men, charged and that after he had been killed he was thrown dispersed them, and killed or took the greater into a well where he had been found. Barba- part. rians and hypocrites, who preach intolerance, The Spanish peasantry of Galicia and excite discord and blood, you are not the mi. Leon have no mercy on the English. Notnisters of the gospel The period when Eu. withstanding the strictest orders to the conTope beheld, without indignation, the mas. trary, we every day find a number of English: sacre of Poorestanis celebrated by illumina- assassinated. tions in great cities, can never be revived. The head quarters of the Duke of Elchin. The blessings of toleration are the first righis gen are at Villa Franca, on the confines' of of man; it is the first maxim of the gospei, Galicia and Leon. The Duke of Beliuno is because it is the first attribute of charity. If on the Tagus. The whole of the Imperial there was a time when son.e false teachers of guard is concentrated at Valladolid. "The the Christian religion preached intolerance, cities of Valladolid, of Palencia, Segovia, they had not then in view the interests of Aviila, Astorga, Leon, &c. have sent nume Heaven, but those of their temporal infiuence; rous deputations to the King. they wished to be powerful amongst ignorant

The flight of the English army

the disa people. When a monk, a theologist, a bi- persion of the remains of the armies of Ro. shop, a pope, preaches intolerance, he preach- mana and Estremadura, and the evils which es his own condemnation; he gives himself the croops of the different armies inflict upon up to be the laughing-stock of nations. the country, rally the provinces round the

General Davenoy proceeded with 500 ca- legitimate authority. The city of Madrid valry to Toro. He came up with 2 or 300 has particularly distinguished itself-28,500 men, the remains of the insurrection. He heads of families have taken the oath of alle. charged them, and killed or took the greater giance upon the huly safe! ament. The citipart. The Colonel of the Dutch hussars was zens have promised his Imperial Majesty, wounded in the charge.

that if he will place his brother on the throne, Twenty Seventh Bulletin.

they will serve him with all their efforts, Valladolid, Jon. 2.-Tlie Duke of Dalma- and defend him with all their means.. tia a'ter the buttle of Prievas, proceeded to

Trventy Eighth Bulletin. expel the English from the post of Piedra Valladolid, jan. 13...The part of the treas Fella. He there took 1500 English prisoners, sure of the enemy which has fallen into our five pieces of cannon, and several caissons. hands. is 1,800,000 francs. The inhabitants The enemy was obliged to destroy a quantity assert that the English have carried off from of baggage and stores. The precipices were eight to ten millions. filled with them. Such were their precipitate The English General deeming it impossible flight and confusion, th:t the divisions of that the French infantry and artillery should Lorge and Lahoussaye found among the de. have followed him, and gained upon him a serted baggage, waggons filled with gold and certain number of marches, particularly in silver; it was part of the treasure of the Eng- mountains so difficult as those of Galicia,

The property fallen into our thought he could only be pursued by cavalry hands is estimated at two millions.

and sharpslicoters. He 10-k therefore the On the 4th, at night, the French advan- position of Castro on his right, supported by ced guard was at Castillo and Nocedo. On the river Tombago, which passes by Lugo, the 5th, the enemy's rear-guard was come up and is not fürdable. with at Pueste and ferren, the moinent it The Duke of Dalmatia arrived on the 6th was going to blow up a bridge: a charge of in presence of the enemy. He employed the cavalry rendered the attempt useless. It was 7th and 8th in reconnoitring the enemy, and the same at the bridge of Cruciel.

collecting his infantry and artillery, which On the 5th, at night, Lorge and Lahous. were still in the rear. He formed his plan saye’s division were at Constantine, and the of attack. The left only of the enemy was enemy a short distance from Lugo. On the attackable--he manæuvred on their leit.com 6th, the Duke of Dalmatia was on his march His dispositions required some movements on to reach that city.

the 8th, the Duke being determined to attack MONTHLY MAG., No. 18%


lish army.

on the 9th—but the enemy retreated in the clergy asked pardon for the sixth, who is the night, and in the morning our advanced guard father of four children. His Majesty comentered Liigo. The enemy left 300 sick in muted his sentence, and said, he wished the hospitals; a part of 18 pieces of cannon, thereby to testify his satisfaction of the good and 300 waggons of ammunition. We made conduce of the secular clergy of Valladolid on 700 prisoners.

several important occasions. The town and environs of Lugo are choak.

Twenty-Ninth Bulletin. ed with the bodies of English horses. Upo Valladolid, Jan. 16.–The Duke of Bellu. wards of 2500 horses have been killed in na, on the 13th, defeated the Spaniards who the retreat.

The weather is dreadful rain were retreating in the direction of Alcazar, and snow fall continually.

under the commander Penegas, who was The English are marching to Corunna in killed in the action. The consequence of great haste, where they have 400 transports. this battle was the surrender of two generals, "They have already lost baggage, ammunition, 300 officers, and 12,000 men. a part even of their material artillery, and (This Bulletin also contains a recapitulaupwards of 3000 prisoners. On the 10th, tion of the Addresses of the Council of State, our advanced guard was at Betanzos, a short and other public bodies, at Madrid, to Na. distance from Corunna. The Duke of El- poleon.] chingen is with his corps near Lugo.

Thirtieth Bulletin. In reckoning the sick, stragglers, those Valladolid, Jan. 21.-The Duke of Dalwho have been killed by the peasants, and matia left Betanzos on the 12th inst. Having made prisoners by our troops, we may calcu- reached the Mero, he found the bridge of late the loss of the English at one-third of Burgo cut. The enemy was dislodged from their army. They are reduced to 18,000 the village of Burgo. In the meant while men, and are not yet embarked. From Sa. General Franceschi ascended the river, made hagun they retreated 150 leagues in bad wea- himself master of the high road from Cother, worse roads, through mountains, and runna to Santiago, and took six officers and always closely pursued at the point of the

60 soldiers prisoners. sword.

On the 13th, the enemy caused two pow. It is difficult to conceive the folly of their der magazines, situated near the heights of plan of campaign. It must not be attributed St. Margaret, at half a league from Corunna, to the General who commands, and who is a to be blown up. The explosion was terrible, clever and skilful man, but to that spirit of and was felt at the distance of three leagues. hatred and rage which animates the English On the 14th, the bridge at Gurgo was reministry. To push forward in this manner paired, and the French artillery was able to 30,000 men, exposing them to destruction, pass. The enemy had taken a position at or to fight as their only resource, is a con. two leagues distance, half a league before ceprion which can only be inspired by the Corunna. He was seen employed in hastily spirit of passion, or the most extravagant embarking his sick and wounded, the num. presumption. The English Government is bers of which, according to spies and deserlike the liar in the play, who has told the ters, amounts to 3000 or 4000 men. The same untruthi so often, that at last he believes English were in the meanwhile occupied in it himself.

destroying the batceries on the coast, and Lugo was pillaged and sacked by the ene- laying waste the country on the sea shore, my. We cannot impute these disasters to The commandant of the forest of St. Philip, the English general : it is the usual and ine- suspecting the fate intended for his fortificas ditable effect of forced marches and precipi. tion, refused to admit them in it. tate retreat. The inhabitants of the king- On the evening of the 14th we saw a fresh doms of Leon and Galicia hold the English in convoy of 160 sail arrive, among which horror. Under this head, the events that have were four ships of the live. taken place are equivalent to a great victory. On the morning of the 15th, the divisions

Zamora, whose inhabitants had been ani of Merle and Mermet occupied the heights of mated by the presence of the English, shut Villahoa, where the enemy's advanced guard their gates against General Maupetet: Gene- was stationed, which was attacked and deral Dorneau proceeded against it with four stroyed. Our right wing was stationed on divisions--he scaled the city, took it, and the point where the road from Corunna to put the most guilty to the sword. Galicia is Lugo, and that from Corunna to Santiago the province of Spain which manifests the meet. The left was placed behind the village best disposition, it receives the French as of Elvina. The enemy was stationed behind deliverers, who have relieved them at once some beautiful heights. from foreigners and from anarchy. The The rest of the 15th was spent in fixing a Bishop of Lugo, and the clergy of the whole batiery of twelve pieces of cannon; and it province, manifest the wisest sentiments. was not till the 16th,' at three o'clock in the

Valladolid has taken the oath to King Jo- afternoon, that the Duke of Dalmatia gave seph. Six men the leaders of revolt and orders to attack. massacre of the French, bave been condemned The assault was made upon the English by to death.: Five have been executed. The the first brigade of the division of Mermet,

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which overthrew them, and drove them from of the year not one of them would have es-
the village of Elvina. The 2d regiment of caped. The facility of cutting the bridges,
light infantry covered itself with glory. Ge. the rapidity of the torrents, which in winter
deral Jardon, at the head of the voltigeurs, swell to deep rivers, the shortn 'ss of the
wrought a terrible carnage. The enemy, days, and the length of the nights, are very
driven from his positions, retreated to the favourable to an army on their retreat.
gardens which surround Corunna.

Of the 38,000 men whom the English had
The night growing very dark, it was neces- disembarked, we may be assured that scarcely
sary to suspend the attack. The enemy avail. 24,000 will return to England.
ed himself of this to embark with precipation. The army of Romana, which at the end
Only 6000 of our men were engaged, and of December, by the aid of reinforcements
every arrangement was made for abandoning which it had received from Gallicia, con-
the positions of the night, and advancing sisted of 16,000 men, is reduced to less than
next day to a general attack. The loss of 5,000, who are wandering between Vigo
the enemy has been immense Two of our and Santiago, and are closely pursued. The
batteries played upon them during the whole kingdom of Leon, the province of Zamora,
of the engagement. We counted on the and all Galicia, which the English had been
field of battle more than eight hundred of desirous to cover, are conquered and subdued.
their dead bodies, among which was the body The General of Division Lapisse has sent
of General Hamilton, and those of two other patroles into Portugal, who have been well
general officers, whose names we are unac- received there.
quainted with. We have taken 20 officers, General Maupetit has entered Salamanca;
300 men, and four pieces of cannon. The he met there some sick of the English troops.
English have left behind them more than

Thirty-first Bulletin. 1500 horses, which they had killed. Our The English Regiments bearing the num. loss amounts tu 100 killed and 150 wounded. bers 42, 50, and 52, have been entirely des

The Colonel of the 47th regiment distin- troyed in the battle of the 16th, near Corunguished himself. An Ensign of the 31st infan- Not 60 men of each of these corps emfry killed with his own hand an English officer barked. The General in chief, Moore, has who had endeavoured to wrest from him his been killed in attempting to charge at the eagle. The General of Artillery, Bomgeat, head of his brigade, with a view of restoring and Colonel Fontenay, have signalised them the fortune of the day. Fruitless efforts. selves.

This troop was dispersed, and its General At day-break on the 17th, we saw the slain in the midst of it. General Baird had English convoy under sail. On the 13th, been already wounded. He passed through the whole had disappeared.

Corunna to get on board his ship, and he did The Duke of Dalmatia had caused à car. not get his wound dressed till he got on board; ronade to be discharged upon the vessels from it is reported that he died on the 19th. After the fort of Santiago. Several transports ran the battle of the 16th, a dreadful scene took aground, and all the men who where on place at Corunna. The English entered in board were taken.

confusion and consternation. The English We found in the establishment of the army had landed more than eighty pieces of Palloza (a laige manufactory, &c, in the cannon: only twelve were re embarked; the suburbs of Corunna, where the English had remainder has been taken or lost; and by a previously been encamped), 3000 English return, we find ourselves in possession of muskets. Magazines also were seized, con- sixty pieces of English cannon. Independent taining a great quantity of ammunition and of two millions of treasure which the army other effects, belonging to the hostile army. has taken from the English, it appears that a A great number of wounded were picked up still more considerable sum has been cast in the suburbs. The opinion of the inhabi- away among the rocks and precipices which tants on the spot, and deserters, is, that the bordered the road from Astorga to Corunna. number of wounded in the battle exceeds The peasants and the soldiers have collected a 2300 men.

great quantity of silver among the rocks. In Thus has terminated the English expedi- the engagements which took place during the tion which was sent into Spain. After retreat, and prior to the battle of Corunna, having fumenied the war in this unhappy two English Generals were killed, and three country, the English have abandoned it. wounded. Gen. Crawford is named among They had disembarked 38,000 men and 6000 the last. The English have lost every thing horses. We have taken from them, accord. that constitutes an army--Generals, artillery, ing to calculation, 6500 men, exclusive of horses, baggage, ammunition, magazines. . the sick. They have re-embarked very lit. On the 17th, at day-break we were masters ile baggage, very little ammunition, and of the heights that command the road to Coo very few horses. We have counted 5000 runna, and the batteries were playing upon killed and left behind. The men who have the English convoy. The result was, that found an asylum on board their vessels are many of the ships were unable to get out, harassed and dejected. In any other season and were taken in the capitulation of Corun



the enemy:

Five hundred English horses were also of the çubject I am about to submit to the taken still alive, 16,000 muskets, and a consideration of the House, I most sincerely great deal ot battering cannon, abandoned by lament that my abilities are unequal to do it

A great number of magazines complete justice But yet I trust that an are are full of preserved provisions (munitions con- dent zeal for the welfare of my country, supa fectior.nés), which the English wished to carry ported by facts strong and incontrovertible off but were obliged to leave behind. A will enable me to surmount every difficulty, powder-magazine, containing 200,000lbs. and eventually to rescue the state from the weighit of powder, has also fallen into our baneful influence of a power which has long hands. The English, surprised by the issue been exercised for the worst purposes, and of the battle of the 16th, have not had time which, in fact, terds to endanger our ultito destroy their magazines. There were 300 mate security. To stand forward the public English sick in the hospital. We found in accuser of a ınan so high in rank and so strong the port, seven English shipsmthree loaded in influence as his Royal Highness the with horses, and four with troops. They Commander-in Chief, may very naturally be could not get out. The fortress of Corunna deemed no less a bold than an arduous underis of an extent which secures it from a coup de taking. But, however bold, however ardu. main. It was therefore impossible to enter it ous it may be, being determined that no conbefore the 20th, in virtue of the annexed ça- sideration of that nature shall ever induce pitulation. In Corunna we found above 200 any hesitation or wavering in the performpieces of Spanish cannon. The French Con- ance of my duży, either upon this or upon sul Fourcroy, the General Quesnel, and his any other occasion, my mind is fully made up staff ; M. Bougars, Officer or Ordnance; M. for perseverance. In the resolution I have Taboureau, auditor; and 350 French soldiers formed, it is but reasonable for me to calcus or seamen, who had been made prisoners ei- late upon the concurrence and co operation of ther in Portugal or on board the ship Ailas, have this house and the country for, at a crisis been delivered up. They express great satis- of peculiar peril, when the great if not the faction at the conduct of the officers of che only means of our safety may depend upon Spanish navy The English have gained the judicious organization and able direction by their expedition the hatred of the Spa- of our military force, every man in the comniards, shame, and dishonour. The fuwer munity must feel a lively interest in the obof their army, composed of Scotchmen, has ject which my motion has in view. I trust, been either wounded, killed, or taken. Ge- Therefore, his Royal Highness the Duke of neral Franceschi has entered $t. lago de Com- York, will this night find, that howeverexalted pestella, where he found some magazines and his rank, however powerful liis influence, the an English guard, which le tuok. He march- voice of the people, through their representa. ed immediately upon Vigo. Romana appearu tives, will prevail over corruption, and justice ed to have taken this rouie with 2500 men, will be done to the calls of a long-suffering and all that he could rally. The division of meritorious body--to the best, the vital inte. Mermet marched on Ferrol. The air about

rests of the people. In the course which I am Corunna is infected by the carcases of 1200 pursuing, I feel conscious of no motive but that horses, whom the English killed in the streets. of a desire of serving my country, and I am The first care of the Duke of Dalmatia has confident that none other can be fairly ascri. been to provide for the restoration of salubri

bed to me. The conviction of my mind is, ty, equally important to the soldiers and the

and for some time has been, that unless the inhabitants. General Alzedo, Governor of system of corruption that has so long prevailCorunna, appears to have taken part with the ed in the military department be done away, insurgents only from the constraint of force, this country may fall an easy prey to the eneHe took the oath of fidelity to king Joseph my. Consistently, therefore, with any raNapoleon with enthusiasm. The people tional feeling of solicitude for my country, manifest the joy they feel at being delivered which involves my own connections and my from the English.

family, it is impossible that I should sit siGREAT BRITAIN.

lent and allow the practices wbich have come The attention of the nation has been to my knowledge to be any longer concealed drawn during the last month to a subject from those who are so much interested in of the highest consequence to its honour their character and tendency. It is upon and prosperity. No topic has excited for these grounds, Sir, that I am urged to offer several years so lively and universal an in- myself to your attention. terest, and we cannot do more justice to it

The first point in the case which I have phan by preserving the able speech made

to state, relates to the half-pay Fund, which

is an establishment under the direction of the in the House of Coinmons, by Mr. Wardle, commander in chịet. This fund arises out of when he first brought it forward in that the sale of commissions vacant by death; by assembly. On the 28th of January, Mr.

the promotion of officers not allowed to sell; Wardle, Member for Oakhampton, rose er by disniissions from the service. The and spoke as follows:-

power of the commander in chief over this Fully aware, Sir, of the great importance fund, was constituted, and intensied, for the

reward change

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seward of merit, either by the appointment and may be obliged to resort to him hereafter; of meritorious officers to the commissions it seems right that I should present the which so became vacant, or by selling them, house with some intormation about him. It and applying the produce of such sales to the appears that Mr. Donovan was appointed a redemption of half.pay commissions, or to lieutenant in the 4th royal garrison battalion the compassionate fund. Here the power of in the year 1802, and that he was afterwards the commander in chief over such produce promoted to the 11th battalion. What the ceases. If the commissions I have described cause of this appointment and promotion was are otherwise disposed of, the authority ves. I have endeavoured to ascertain, but without ted in the commander in chief is abused, and success. I have, however, found, that the the objects of the half-pay fund are abandon- services of Mr. Donovan could not have been ed. Now, if I can shew that those commis- of a military nature. In fact, since the day sions are appropriated to very difterent pur- of his appointment, in 1802, he has never poses, it will, of course, appear that such joined his regiment. But there seems to be abuse and abandonment does take place that some reason for granting him a perpetual merit is not rewarded that the Half pay List leave of absence, as he had been on constant is not reduced--that the Compassionate Fund duty in London. This Gentleman was a is not assisted. For the purpose of shewing

Member of the medical department of our this, it is absolutely necessary to call the at- army in the American war. If he deserved tention of the house to another establishment promotion, surely our medical staff is large of the commander in chief's, which is quite enough to provide for him. What then of a different complexion to that I have just could have taken him into the army? But mentioned. This establishment, which con- to return to his pursuits in London. The sisted of a splendid house in Gloucester place, 5001. lodged with this Gentleman was paid a variety of carriages, and a long retinue of to Mrs. Clarke, by captain H. Sandon, as soon Bervants, commenced in the year 1803, and as Major Tonyn was Gazetted. Here it beat the head of it was placed a lady of the comes necessary to observe to the house, that name of Clarke. As this lady forms a prin. the regulated difference between a company cipal party in several of the facts which I and a majority is 11001. which should have have to cite, I am under the necessity, how- been appropriated as į before mentioned. ever reluctantly, to mention her name, as But how does the affair stand ? Mrs. C. gains well as that of others, in order to make out a 5001. and 11001. are lost to the Halt-pay fair parliamentary basis for my niotion, and

Fund. This sum, however, ot 500). was to satisfy the house that I have not brought paid by Mrs. Clarke, to a Mr. Birket, a sile it forward upon light grounds. In producing versmith, in part payment for a service of this satisfacrion, I have no doubt of succeed- plate for the establishment in Gloucestering, and I assure the house that I shall en- place; the balance for which plate was afterdcavour to avoid trespassing upon their time wards paid by his Royal Highness the com

by the statement of more cases than appear mander in chief. The positions which ! to me necessary to the particular points which hold to be clearly deducibic from this case my motiun embraces. The firse case to which are theseFirst, That Mrs. Clarke possessed I have to call your attention is that of Cap- the power of military promotion. Secondly, tain Tonyn, whom I understand to be an ofri- that she received pecuniary consideration for çer uf merit, and, in alluding to him upon such promotion

And, thirdly, that the this occasion, I beg it to be undestood that I commander in chief was a partaker in the bemean no reflection whatever upon his charac- nefit arising from such pecuniary considera

This officer, who held bis Captaincy in tion. To establish the truth of this case I the 48th regiment of foot, was promoted to a have the following witnesses: Major Tonysi, Majority in the 31st regiment, according to Mrs. Clarke, Mr. Donovan, captain Huxley the Gazette, on the 2d of August, 1804. Sandon, and Mr. Birket's executors. For such promotion, to which, no doubt, The second case I have to adduce, relates Captain Tonyn's professional merit entitled to the subject of exchanges. Upon the 25th him to aspire, he was indebted to the influ- July, 1805, an exchange was concluded beence of Mrs. Clarke; without which he tween lieutenant-colonel Brook, of the 56th might have long looked for promotion in vain. regiment of Infantry, and lieutenant-colonel To Mrs. Clarke, Captain Tonyn was introdu- Knighi, of the 5th dragoon guards, through ced by Captain Huxley Sandon, of the royal the influence of Mrs. Clarke. The agent for Waggon train; and the terms of agreement negociating this transaction

Mr. that Mrs. Clarke sliould be paid 5001. Thynne, a medical gentleman. The circumupon Captain Tonyn's majority being gazet- stances of the application to the Duke of ted. In order to secure this payment it was York were shortly these-Mrs Clarke wantarranged, that the amount should be lodged ed some money to defray the expences of an in the hands of a third person, as agent to excursion to the country; she therefore urthe parties, and this agent was a Mr. J. Donor ged the commander-in-chief to expedite the van, a surgeon, of Charles-street, $t. James's. exchange, as she was to receive 2001. for it. square. As I shall have frequent occasion to This urgent request was made upon a Thursintroduce this gentleman's name to-night; day, and its influence was such, chat the ex





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