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The Corrected Speeches of Mr. Wardle, the A Letter from a Country Clergyman to his Chancellor of the Exchequer, Mr. Whitbread, Parishioners, in which are considered a few Mr. Adam, Sir Francis Burdett, Mr. Croker, of the Arguments and Practices of some of Sir Samuel Romilly, Mr. Wilberforce, Lord the Modern Dissenters. By the Rev. John Folkstone, Mr. York, Mr. Canning,&c. in the Nance. 13. 60. House of Commons, on Mr. Wardle's Charges Hewlett's Bible. Part IV, 75.

(large against his Royal Highness the Duke of York, 8vo,

Paganism and Christianity Compared. In Memoirs of the King's Supremacy and of a Course of Lectures to the King's Scholars, the Rise, Progress, and Results of the Supre- at Westminster, in the years 1806, 7 and 8. macy of the Pope, in different Ages and Na- By John Ireland, D. D. Prebendary and Subtions, as far as relates to civil Afairs. By Tho- dean of Westminster. 8vo. 10s. 6d. mas Brooke Clarke, D.D. 8vo. 10s. 6d.

The Star in the Easi, a Sermon delivered The Orders in Council, and the American in the Parish Church of St. James, Bristol, Embargo, heneficial to the Political and Com- February 26, 1809, for the benefit of the mercial Interests of Great Britain. By Lord Society for Missions to Africa, and the East, Sheffield. 8vo. 2s.

By the Rev. Claudius Buchanan, L.L.D. A Correct Report of the Speech delivered 1s. 6d. by Sir Francis Burdett, bart. in the House of A Dissertation on the Logos of St. John, Commons, on Monday the 13th of March, comprehending the Substance of Sermons, 1809, on the conduct of the Duke of York. 15, preached before the University of Oxford.

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the Episcopal Church, Cowgate, Edinburgh, Certain Accusations brought recently by 8vo. 9s. Irish Papists, against British and Irish Proces- A Discourse, preached in the Episcopal tants of every denomination, examined. By Church, Cowgate, Edinburgh, February 9, Thomas Kipling, D.D. Dean of Peterborough. 1809; being the Day appointed for a General 3s.

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Including Notices of IForks in Hand, Domestic and Foreign, Authentic Communications for this Article will always be thankfully received. HElate interesting and eventfulCam- retreat from Sahagun. The author, who to be illustrated in a series of Letters, by with twelve engravings, by Heath, from Dr. Adam NEALE, physician to the drawings made on the spot, illustrative forces, and F.L.S. They will contain a of the campaign. full account of the operations of the Bri- Mr. De Luc, is about to publish an tish arnies under Sir Arthur Wellesley Elementary Treatise on Geology, conand Sir John Moore, from the day pre- taining an examination of some inodern ceding the battle of Vimiera, to the bat- geological systems, and particularly of the tle and embarkation at Corunna; with Huttonian Theory of the Earth. This an interesting detail of the menorable work is translated from the French ma




preparatory exercises in scanning; it con- may be expected to be productive, by the tains practical exercises in versification, way of example, of the happiest effects. progressively accommodated the In the year 1774, the Rev. W. Herivarious capacities of youth, in the suc- ERINGTON enabled the governors of cessive stages of scholastic education; Christ's Hospital, London, to pay annuithe whole calculated to produce correct- ties of 101. each to 50 blind persons. ness of ear,.and taste in reading or wri- Other benevolent'individuals have smce ting poetry.--For the convenience of inade such additions to this fund, that teachers, a Key to the Exercises will be the governors are now enabled to extend added. Dr. Carey is also preparin for this annuity to four hundred other perthe press, an Easy Introduction to Latin sons. The governors have recently adVersification, on a nearly similar plan. vertised, that itom the 15th of October to

"Letters of Mrs. ELIZABETH MONTAGU, the 3d of November, in every year, they with some of the letters of her corre- are ready to issue from the countingspondents, will shortly be published by house of their hospital, upon the applica. MATTHEW Montagu, esq. M.P. her ne- tion of a friend, petitions for any blind phew and executor.

persons duly qualified; the great extent The Travels of Lycurgus, the son of Po- of the charity rendering it impracticable lydectes, into Greece, Crete and Egypt to attend to letters. The petitioners in Search of Knowledge, is printing; must be persons born in England, to the

The Rev. Tuom AS GISBORNE has in exclusion of Wales and Berwick uponthe press, an volume of Sermons, Tweed, aged fifty or upwards; who have chiefly designed to illustrate Christian resided three years or more in their Morality.

present abode; who have been totally Dr. EDWARD POPham, of Chilton, blind during that period; who have never Wiltshire, has nearly ready for publica- begged, nor received alms, nor been tion, Remarks on various Texts of Scrip- deemed objects of parochial relief; but ture, in an octavo volume.

persons who have been reputably brought A Series of Letters on Canada, will up, and who need some addition to what shortly appear from the pen of a gentle. they have, to make life more comfortaman lately resident some years in that ble. country:

Mr. PARKINSON has discovered in se-Mr. GRAHAME, author of the Sabbath, veral species of marble, which he treated and other Poems, has the press a new with muriaticor nitric acid, membraneous poetical work, to be entitled, The Bri- substances, which hung from the marble tish Georgics.

in light, flocculent, elastic membranes, Ata general meeting of the subscribers These marbles were of a species formed to the African Institution, held at the by tubipores, madrepores, and corallites. Freemason's Tavern on the 25th of In Kilkenny marble, the structure of the March, the Earl of MOIRA, in an im- madrepores, and other testaceous subpressive speech, informed the company of stances which enter into its composition, his having recently learnt, that Sir Sidney is beautifully conspicious, from the Smith had been presented by the Prince ground of the marble in which they are Regent of Brazil,with an estate, and with imbedded being of a deep black. This a number of negro slaves, to be employed circumstance, in Mr. Parkinson's opinion, in cultivating it; and that the use which proves that two distinct lapidifying prohe had made of this gift, was immediately cesses must have occurred in the forto liberate the slaves, and to allot co each mation of this marble; and that its coralof them a portion of this estate, to becul- line or testaceous part had acquired a tivated by them as free laborers for their strong concretion previous to its being own exclusive benefit. On the motion of unbedded in the including, mass of calMr. Wilberforce, it was unanimously' re- careous matter. A speciinen of this solved: that his Royal Highness the marble, which Mr. Parkinson examined, Duke of Gloucester (patron and prési- in conformity with this opinion, exhibited deat) be requested to communicate to Sir no membranes when treated with diSidney Smith the high sense entertained luted muriatic acid; but a black matter by this meeting, of his admirable judg- was deposited during the solution of the ment and liberality in the above instance, marble, which being dried and projected and to return him thanks for a line of con- on melted nitre, immediately dellagrated; duct which is so truly honorable to the which circuicstance shews the curious British name and character, and which fact, that charcoal in substance entered MONTHLY MAG. 184.

3 D



into the composition of this marble. Mr. that the fiorin grass should not be known Parkinson supposes, that it must have in England; at least no mention is made been animal charcoal, from shells and of it by any English agricultural writer : corallines being visible in the marble; but Dr. Richardson thinks it highly but this does not prove the absence of probable, that ii is the same grass which vegetable coal; nor is it, indeed, easy to bas been so much adınired in the cedetermine the nature of the coaly sub- lebrated Orcheston meadow, near Salisstance, since we know that vegetable bury, which was first noticed by Ray, coal, lying in contact with animal sul- who says its shoots were twenty-finur stances, acquires all the characters of feet long, and which so many botanists animal coal, sufficiently to be mistaken have visited wi:hout making any attempt for it. The composition of calcareous to cultivare it. cements may derive improvement from Mr W. WELDON bas analized the these discoveries of the real state, in water of a mineral spring, two miles to which the component parts of inarbles the south of Dudley, in Worcestershire, and limestones exist in them.

which has been famous from time immeDr. William RichaRDSON has morial, in the surrounding couniry, for called the attention of the public to the its efficacy in various scrofulous and valuable qualities of the fiorin grass, cutaneous diseases. In scrotula, in parwhich have long been known to the com- ticular, it has been considered an almost mon farmers of Ireland, but have hitherto infallible reinedy. The spring flows into escaped the notice of scientific ayricul- a vell, about thirty-six feet in depth, and turists. This grass is indigenous in Ire. 7 in diameter. The buitom is a ferruland, and is found in the greatest abu:- gmous, aryillaceous sandstone, through dance, naturally, in the morasses and which is perforated a hole, whence the mountains, because on rich soil, the water issues and rises to about four fect other grasses contend with it to advan. from the surface. The sides of the well tage, but are not hardy enough to endure near the top, are covered with a yelthe wet and cold, in which the fiorin grass luwish ochrey substance. When the thrives. It sends' out long white strings, water is fresh taken up, it is perfectly after the manner of the strawberry; these transparent and colourless. li is little bud at the points, and produce green refractive of light, nor can it be said to shoots, which soon form a sod completely sparkle; but after standing for a short inpenetrable to weeds and every other time, numerous small bubbles of air are species of grass. Some experiments seen adhering to the bottom and sides of made by Dr. Richardson, prove that the glass. After a tine, it becomes cold sour bottoms may at a small ex- rather turbid, and at length a pale pence be converted into the most valu- ochreous precipitate falls down, leaving able pasture or meadow, by the fiorin the water transparent. In large quangrass. On a thin dry soil also, it thrives tity, the water smells of sulphuretted as well as on a wet one: it grows spon- hidrogen; but if half a pint, or less, be taneously very far up the bleakest and examined, the odor is scarcely percepwettest mountains of Ireland, and this is tible. The taste very much resembles perhaps the most important fact relating sea-water. Trom a wine-gallon, or 231 to it.

This property must certainly cubic inches, were obtained: render it peculiarly applicable to the im- Of muriate of soda

483. provement of vast tracts of thin, elevated


311. soil, in the west of England, which are at

--magnesia & alunina 145. present little more productive than the


26. deserts of Africa. The extensive forest Of carbonate of iron

9. of Dartmoor is mostly of this descrip. Of silica

.75 tion, and great part of Exmoor is nearly Of earthy carbonates about 45. in the same state. There are also many of carbonic acid and sulphuother tracts of land in England, where it retted hidrogen, the latter in

23.735 would be found beneficial; but in Scot- small proportion land, of which so large a portion consists of azote

12. of land of the above nature, the intro- Mr. W. Cook, of Birmingham, has duction of the fiorin grass seems to pro- published some ingenious observations mise more proportional advantages, than on the benefits that would result from in any other division of the United King. the employment of an indigenous matedom. It appears rather extraordinary rial, as a substitute for mahugany ad


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other costly woods, used for furniture and them cast their lambs when the weather the finishing of houses. The substitute. was bad at sea, and are in consequence which he proposes is iron. In bedsteads so weak, that it is feared more will die, for instance, the posts, as well as the notwithstanding the great care that is frame might be cast hollow; the former taken of them. A few have died of tlie might be beautifully wreathed with flow- rot. This disease must have been coners, festoons, or clusters of fruit, or em-tracted, by halting on some swampy bossed with numberless fanciful ora- district in their journey from the moun. ments, which the workman might touch tains, to the sea at Gijon, where they up with his graver and chisel, to clear were embarked, as one died of it as them from the sand, and to make them Portsmouth. There is every reason, sharp and neat before they go to the however, to hope, that this distemper finisher. The painter might colour them, will not spread, as the land, on which 60 as to give them a more handsome they are now kept, has never been suband elegant Eppearance, ihan it is pos- ject to its ravages, being of a light and sible to give to carved wood. This would sandy nature. furnish employment to numberless hauds, and afford ample scope for ingenuity. M. DELHY, a chemist of Amsterdam, Chests of drawers, bookcases and bu- has discovered a composition which he reaus, might all be made of shieet iron. conceived, from its superior strength, Such furniture would be made at con- would supersede the use of gun-powder. siderably less price, than articles of While lately employed, however, in some mahogany, it would not be heavier than experiments, a large paper exploded, and wood; it would be inore beautiful, and tore off his left arm, also inost of the exclusive of the convenience for re- fingers of his right hand, and otherwise moral, as it might easily be taken to wounded hiin so severely, that his life is pieces, and all the parts screwed up despaired of. again without injury, it would afford a No more than 361 ships arrived at great security against fire.

Amsterdam, from sea, during the year The sheep lately sent over from 1808. Within the same period, 8,962 Spain, as a present to his Majesty, persons died in that city. The number are of the fluck of l'aular, one of the of the poor there increases daily, and finest in point of pile, and esteemed also that of the physicians appointed to atabove all others, for the beauty of the tend them, has been augmented from carcase. The fleeces of these sheep, as four to twelve. well as those of the flocks of Negrete and Escurial, were formerly withheid, tiom M. Pully, a Neapolitan chemist, has exportation, and retained for the royal recently analized the celebrated Dr. manufactory of Guadislaxara. The flock Jaines's powder, and from his experior cavalía of Paular, consisied of S6,000 ments on 29 grs. be states that he has sheep. It originally belonged to the rich found it to be composed of Carthusian monastery, of that name, bear Oxide of antiinony, at a maxiSegovia. Soon after the Prince of the

7. mum of oxidation

} Peace rose into power, he purchased the Phosphate of lime tlock of the monks, with the land be- Sulphate of potash

4.5 longing to it, both in Estremadura and Free pot-ash, holding oxide of an

} 3.5 Leon. Accordingly, all the sheep are timony at a minimum marked with a large M. the mark of Dun Manuel. The sheep sent to England,

19. were selected from eight subdivisions, in order to choose young, well-shaped, and To recompose this powder, it is nefine-woolled animals. The total number cessary, according to M. Pally, to take: embarkeil, was 2,214. Of these, 214 Sulphuret of antimony were presented by the Spaniards to some Calcined phosphate ot lime

S. of his majesty's ministers, and 427 died Nitrate of pot-ash

8. on the journey, either at sea, or on the These being powdered, mixed, and way from Portsmouth to Kew. llis triturated together, are put into a cruMajesty was pleased to take upon hin- cible, which is to be covered and ex. self the whole of the loss, which reduced posed to a strong heat. During this the royal flock to 1573, and several more operation, the oxigen of the nitric acid, have since died. The eves were full of attacking the sulphur of the antimonial lamb when they embarked; several of sulphuret

, converts it into sulphuric acid,




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