ruption out of countenance, and acquired an authority with minispouring forth itself in sentences so ters, which checked their excesses constructed as to style, and invi- also; and as he did not run headgorated as to sentiment, that his long with either, he seemed to hearers were, in truth, not only command both. He had pride, convinced, but borne down by but it was a pride that led him to him. It is to be lamented that excel, and was not obtrusive, or some of bis speeches have not been revolting. He was not only good preserved. That on the embargo, humoured, but extremely playful. in December 1777, when he op- In private society he was above posed government, was so comthe practice of satire ; and if ever pletely excellent in every part, as he resorted to it, it was only to would alone justify the fullest pa- check the satirist, and with delinegyric on his oratory. It was the cacy make him feel, that he himmost perfect model of parliamentself' was also vulnerable. Good ary speaking, that, in my opinion, manners in him seemed an emanacould be exhibited. It is said that tion of good nature; and, as an in council he was superior. On illustrious friend of his, who lived some great questions he stood al- in great intimacy with him, has most alone, and he was right.- more than once remarked to me, The measures that he advised were to know him, and not to love him bold and rapid. At a meeting of was impossible. He was a classithe friends of government in 1783, cal scholar, and not only collected when Mr. Flood had announced the best editions of the great auhis intention to the House of Com- thors of antiquity, but read books mons of bringing forward the re- with the ardor of a real lover of form bill which had been, in fact, literature. His library was unprepared by the Convention, Mr. commonly valuable, and was sold, Daly infused his own spirit into I believe, at a very high price. It the minds of several who were may not perhaps be thought suwavering, and prepared the reso: perfluous to state in this place, lution which Mr. Conolly moved that, in a conversation which he in the House of Commons. If he once had with the author of these leaned to any party in the state, it memoirs, he said, that as to Engwas to a qualified aristocracy, ac- lish prose-writers, the style of Drycompanied with the utmost repug- den, and that of Andrew Stuart, nance to jobbing. In fact, he was in his letters to Lord Mapsfield, neither the tool, nor the idol of especially the concluding part of any party. He served the crown them, were, in his opinion, the with such a port and dignity, that best models which any young man at particular moments government could attend to, who wished to seemed to be borne along by him. speak in the House of Commons. As he loved liberty, he uttered the He once made an observation to most poignant sentiments against me, which showed such a general all public excesses, and, in truth, knowledge of the Irish House of he seemed to have a horror of all Commons at that time, that I never public tumult. The people were shall forget it. On some question ultimately served thereby, for he (no matter what), the court was



either left in a minority, or obliged BISHOP OF DERRY. to withdraw it. Some member attempted to pursue this apparent Frederick, earl of Bristol, and triumph by a more decisive reso- bishop of Derry, was the son of Lord lution. “How little is he ac- Hervey, so generally, but so imquainted with this house !" said perfectly known, by the malign Mr. Daly. “ Were I a minister, antithesis, and epigrammatic lines and wished to carry a very untowe of Pope. His mother, Lady Hera ard measure, it would be directly vey, was also the subject of that after we had passed some strong poet's muse; but his muse when resolution against the Court. So playful and in good humour. Two blended is the good nature of Irish noblemen of very distinguished tagentlemen with their habitual ac- lents, the earls of Chesterfield and quiescence, that unless party, or Bath, have also celebrated her in the times, are very violent indeed, a most witty and popular ballad. we always wish to shrink from a Lord Bristol was a man of consisecond resolution against a minis- derable parts, but far more brilter, and to make, as it were, some liant than solid. His family was atonement for our precipitate pa. indeed famous for talents, equally triotism, by as rapid a return to so for eccentricity; and the eccenour original civility and complai. tricity of the whole raceshone out,

and seemed to be concentrated in

him. In one respect, he was not He died at an early period, not unlike Villiers, duke of Bucking. very much beyond forty. A nerv- ham, “Every thing by starts, and ous disorder, to which he had been nothing long." Generous but unlong subject, at last closed his days. certain ; splendid, but fantastical; He rose to speak one night in the an admirer of the fine arts, without House of Commons, when, after any just selection; engaging, often delivering a sentence or two, with licentious in conversation; eximperfect articulation, he made a tremely polite, extremely violent; full pause. The house cheered him it is indubitably true, that amidst with its usual approbation and re- all his erratic course, his bounty spect. He continued silent. It was was not seldom directed to the then perceived that his malady had most properand deserving objects. so much increased, as to render His distribution of church livings, him totally unable to go on. The chiefly, as I have been informed, stillness which succeeded for some among the older and respectable moments, and the generous sym. clergy in his own dioce must alpathy which the house displayed, ways be mentioned with that warm anxious at the same time to con- approbation which it is justly enceal, if possible, their feelings from titled to. It is said, (how truly I him, produced the most interest-know not) that he had applied for ing, indeed affecting scene, which the Bishopric of Durham, afterI ever witnessed in any popular wards for the Lieutenancy of Ireassembly. It was the last effort land; was refused both, and, hinc he ever made to express his senti- illa lacrymæ, hence his opposiments in public.

tion. But the inequality, the ir


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regular flow of his mind at every Soon after Lord Rockingham, up. period of his life, sufficiently illus- on the warm recommendation of irate his conduct at this peculiar many friends, had appointed Burke and momentous period. Such how- his Secretary, the Duke of Newcasever was this illustrious prelate, tle, wishing probably to procure the who, notwithstanding he scarcely place for sone dependant of his ever attended Parliament, and own, waited on Lord Rockingham, spent most of his time in Italy, was over whom his age, party dignity, now called upon to correct the and ancient family connection, had abuses of Parliament, and direct given him much influence, and the vessel of state in that course, even some degree of authority, and where statesmen of the most ex- informed him, that he had unwa. perience, and persons ofthe calmestrily taken into his service a man judgment, have had the misfortune of dangerous principles, and one totally to fail.-His progress from who was by birth and education a his diocese to the Metropolis, and Papist, and a Jacobite; a calumny his entrance into it, were perfectly founded upon Burke's Irish concorrespondent to the rest of his nections, which were most of them conduct. Through every town on of that persua:ion, and upon some the road he seemed to court, and juvenile follies arising from those was received, with all warlike ho- connections. The Marquis, whose nours ; and I remember seeing genuine whiggism was easily alarmhim pass by the Parliament House ed, immediately sent for Burke, in Dublin, (Lords and Commons and told him what he had heard. were then both sitting) escorted It was easy for Burke, who had by a body of dragoons, full of been educated at the University of spirits and talk, apparently enjoy- Dublin, to bring testimonies to his ing the eager gaze of the sur- Protestantism; and with regard to rounding multitude, and displaying the second accusation, which was altogether the self-complacency of wholly founded on the former, it a favourite Marshal of France, on

was soon done away, and Lord his way to Versailles, rather than Rockingham, readily and willingly the grave deportment of a Prelate disabused, declared that he was of the church of England. perfectly satisfied of the falsehood

of the information lie had received,

and that he no longer harboured EDMUND BURKE.

the smallest doubt of the integrity

of his principles; when Burke, The following is taken partly with an honest and disinterested from Lord Charlemont's 'hand boldness, told his Lordship, that writing.

it was now no longer possible for “ This most amiable and inge- him to be his Secretary ; that the nious man was private Secretary to reports he had heard would proLord Rockingham. It may not be bably, even unknown to himself, superfluous to relate the following create in his mind such suspicions anecdote, the truth of which I can as might prevent his thoroughly assert, and which does honour to confiding in him, and that no him, and his truly noble patron. earthly consideration should in


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duce him to stand in that relation, him and Sir Charles Sanders, Sir with a man who did not place en

Charles carried me in his coach to tire confidence in him.

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Almack's. On the way, Burke was quis, struck with his manliness of the subject of our conversation, sentiment, which so exactly cor- when the Admiral lamenting the responded with the feelings of his declining state of the empire, own heart, frankly and positively earnestly and solemnly declared, assured him, that what had passed, that if it could be saved, it must far from having any bad impres- be by the virtue and abilities of sion on his mind, had only served that wonderful man.” to fortify his good opinion, and

Thus far Lord Charlemont. that, if from no other reason, he Something, though slight, may might rest assured, that from his here be added. Burke's disunion, conduct upon

that occasion alone and final rupture with Mr. Fox, he should ever esteem, and place were attended with circumstances in him the most unreserved con- so distressing, so far surpass

. fidential trust-a promise which ing the ordinary limits of civil he faithfully performed ; neither rage, or personal hostility, that

' ; had he at any time, nor his friends the mind really aches at the reafter bis death, the least reason to

collection of them. But let us repent of that coufidence; Burke view him, for an instant, in better having ever acted towards hiin scenes, and better hours. He with the most inviolate faith and was social, hospitable, of pleasing affection, and towards his surviving access, and most agreeably comfriends, with a constant and disin- municative. One of the most terested fidelity, which was proof satisfactory days, perhaps, that against his own indigent circum. I ever passed in my life; was going stances, and the magnificent offers with him tête à têie, from London of those in power. It must, how to Beaconsfield. He stopped at ever, be confessed, that his early Uxbridge, whilst his horses were habits and connections, though feeding, and happening to meet they could never make him swerve some gentlemen, of I know not from his duty, had given his mind what militia, who appeared to be an almost constitutional bent to- perfect strangers to him, he enwards the Popish party. Prudence tered into discourse with them, at is, indeed, the only virtue he does the gate-way of the inn. His connot possess; from a total want of versation, at that moment, comwhich, and from the amiable pletely exemplified what Johnson weaknesses of an excellent heart, said of him: “ That you could his estimation in England, though not meet. Burke for half an hour, still great, is certainly diminished. under a shed, without saying that What it was at this period, will he was an extraordinary man." appear from the following fact, Hewas, on that day, altogether unwhich, however trifling, I here commonly instructive and agreerelate as a proof of the opinion able. Every object of the slightest formed of him by some of his notoriety, as we passed along, wheparty. Having, dined at Lord ther of natural or local history, Rockingham's, in company with furnished him with abundant ma. VOL. LIII

2 C

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terials for conversation. The that he had himself carefully read house at Uxbridge, where the that great poet: his Reflections treaty was held, during Charles on the French Revolution partithe First's time ; the beautiful cularly. Of Mrs, Anne Pitt, he and undulating grounds of Bul- said, that she had the most agreestrode, formerly the residence of able and uncommon talents, and Chancellor Jefferies; and Waller's was beyond all comparison, the tomb, in Beaconsfield church- most perfectly eloquent person le yard, which, before we went ever heard speak.* He always, home, we visited, and whose cha. as he said, lamented that he did racter, as a gentleman, a poet, not put on paper a conversation and an orator, he shortly deline- he had once with her; on what ated, but with exquisite felicity of subject I forget. The richness, genius, altogether gave an uncom- variety, and solidity of her disa mon interest to his eloquence ; course, absolutely astonished him. and, although one-and-twenty years have now passed since that day, I entertain the most vivid and

EARL OF MOIRA. pleasing recollection of it. He reviewed the characters of many He was one of Lord Charlestatesmen; Lord Bath's, whom, mont's earliest friends, and for I think, he personally knew, and many years his parliamentary that of Sir Robert Walpole, coadjutor in the House of Peers. which he pourtrayed in nearly the He was a scholar, well versed in same words which he used with ancient as well as modern litera. regard to that eminent man, in bisture ; possessed of much and truly appeal from the Old Whigs to the useful information, which he com. New. He talked much of the municated with peculiar agreegreat Lord Chatham; and amidst ableness, for his diction was rea variety of particulars concern- markable for its facility and purity, , ing him and his family, stated, and his conceptions clear and unthat his sister, Mrs. Anne Pitt, embarrassed; he was a constant used often, in her altercations with reader; in truth, few men of any hiin, to say,

« That he knew no. rank read so constantly; in his thing, whatever, except Spenser's studies leaned much to scientific Fairy Queen." « And" continued subjects, and those of natural Mr. Burke, “no matter how history, which he well understood, that said ; but whoever He was very conversant also in relisbes, and reads Spenser, as he the polite arts; and his library, to ought to be read, will have a strong which every one had access, was hold of the English language.” a noble collection of books, the

' These were his exact words. most useful, as well as the most Many passages and phrases, from agreeable. la politics he was a his own works, abundantly testify, Whig, of true revolution princi


Lord Bolingbroke admired Mr. Pitt (Lord Chatham) extremely, but not so much as his sister, Mrs. Anne Pitt. The former, he always termed Sublimity Pitt, and the latter, Divinity Pitt. However, he never, I believe, heard Pitt speak in the House of Commons.

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