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TO THE TWENTY-SEVENTH VOLUME OF THE
VOL. 27. No. 187.]
JULY 30, 1809.
HALF-YEARLY RETROSPECT OF DOMESTIC LITERATURE.
have been revised, corrected, and enNIRST in the class of History we larged.
place the “ Memoirs of the Reign of Another work, however, of inferior imJumes 11." by John LORD V'iscount portance to none that have been already LONSDALE; in which many points are il. named, will be found in the final portion lustrated in the history of that unfortunate of the second volume of Mr. MAURICE's monarsh's reign, that were before ambi- “ Modern History of Hindostan;" conguous; and no small share of light taining the History of India, and of the thrown on the singular history of Mon- East India Company, during the sevenmoutii's Rebellion.
teenth, and part of the eighteenth, cenAnother valuable work, connected tury. It was Mr. Maurice's first inwith history more than with biography, tention to bring the modern history has been published, in the “ Memoirs of down to the close of the eighteenth cenRobert Cary, Earl of Monmouth, writ- tury; but owing to the vast mass and ten by Himself; with Explanatory Anno press of matter, he found it impossible. tations. The former part of this volume The details, therefore, which mark the is, in fact, a re-publication. The latter, closing day of the Mngul dynasty, with the " Fragmenta Regalia,"contains some what remains to be recorded of British characters very spiritedly drawn. Both transactions in India, down to year 1800, deserve a place in the library of every are to be presented to the public in a lover of English History.
few months, in the form of an Appendir. As a production of the present day, a The fifth book of the Modern History, History of the Rebellion of 1745, in with the second chapter of which the preLatin, may, perhaps, be thought a kind sent portion opens, relates mostly to the of literary phenomenon. Such an one, commercial settlements of different coun. however, has made its appearance, from tries in India. The third, fourth, and the elegant pen of Dr. F. D. Wurtaker. fifth chapters, relate more particula:ly to “ De Afotu per Britanniam Civico Annis the bistory and policy of the English DI DCCXLV. et MDCCXLVI. Liber Unicus." Company, down to the end of the year A neat duodecimo volume, not only ele- 1757. The sixth book concludes the gant and spirited in its style, but accept- history of the Mogul Emperors, in three able for more important reasons, both chapters, finishing with the death of to the scholar and the antiquary, Aurungzebe.
In “ The History of Don Francisco de We shali select a single specimen of Miranda's Attempt to effect a Revolution the work, in Mr. Maurice's Reflections in South America, by Mr. Biggs, we have on the Character and Manners of the an assemblage of facts, which, though Mahrattas–(p. 333.) inoulded into a series of Letters, forms “ The Mahrattas, whether considered almost a complete Journal of the Expe. as a nation, or as individuals, constitute dition. General Miranda bimself ap- a peculiar phenomenon in the history of pears to have been no great favourite hunnan society. Superstitiously addicted with the author; so that for many pas- to the inild rites of the Brahmin religion; sages in the work, a little allowance must never eating of any thing that has life, probably be made. The expedition, and by their belief in the Metempsywell imagined as it might have been in chosis, restrained from killing even the the outset, was evidently ill supported; must poxious reptile that molests them; and our author's own disappointment may yet barbarously mutilating, and, in their be read in almost every page. He ap. sanguinary warfare, putting to death, pears to be an American; and his his- thousands of their fellow-creatures, and cory, which is called, in this impression, that often with aggrarated tortures; they the London Edition, is represented to exhibit a contrast of character wholly unMONIILY MAG. No, 187.
paralleled. The engines of torture incredible what, on good authority, I which they are said to carry with them, had long ago intimated in the lodian to force confession of concealed treasure, Antiquities, when detailing the anare of a terrible description. The iron cient sanguinary rites of Hindostan; that, chair in which, heated red hot, the of even at this day, certain tribes of the fe fender is placed, and the envelope of the rocious race of Mahrattas, are inore than same metal
, also heated red hot, to encir- suspected of secretly cherishing a numcle bis head, are among a few of them. ber of human victims, the most remarkThese are particularly mentioned by the able for personal beauty that can possimissionaries, who resided in the Carna- bly be obtained, and generally in the tic at the time of their grand irruption full vigour and bloom of youth, for the there in 1740; and, in fact, for one of rites of the altar; of fattening them, like them, Pere Madeira, after having been the stall-fed oxen, for slaughter; and on first severely flogged, and exposed seve. grand solemnities of festivity, or grief, of ral days naked to a vertical sun, to make actually offering up those unhappy vichin discover hidden treasure, the chair tims to their gloomy goddess Cali, in all and that envelope were heated red hot; the pomp of that iremendous sacrifice. but by the interposition of one of the “ Making war their sole profession, generals he was respited. Their more and letting themselves out to the best lenient punishments are slitting the nose, bidder, they are to be found in all quarand cutting off the ears; but Bernier, ters, and are alternately engaged by all who was an eye-witness of their cruelties, parties. It is dangerous, however, to during the plunder of Surat, in 1604, employ them; for the offer of better savs, that, to make the rich inhabitants terins generally induces them to change discover their wealth, they were guilty sides; and plunder being their grand obof more horrid cruelties, cutting off the ject, they often devastate the very counlegs and arms of those who were suspected try which they were hired to defend, of secreting it.
Their principal strength lies in their nu"If it were only against the Moors, merous cavalry, which they cherish with the ferocious invaders of their country, the greatest care; and their horses, like the despoilers of the Hindoo temples, and themselves, being inured to privations, the remorseless inurderers of the priests and perpetually in exercise, are of a of Bralıma, that these cruelties were di- bardier nature, and more capable of rected, it would be less a subject of bearing fatigue, than any brought into wonder, since Sevajee publicly announced the field by the princes of India. Rapid himself the avenger of the gods of Hindos- in their movements, and unincumbered tan, against the sanguinary violators of with baggage, they render themselves fortheir shrines, meaning Aurungzebe, and midable to the Mogul armies, by harassthe Moguls; but their rage is indiscrimi- ing their rear, by ravaging the country, nating; and Hindoos and Mahommedans and by cutting off their supplies. They are alike the victims of their unrelenting avoid, as much as possible, a general enbarbarities. How astonishing inust this gagement, but when it takes place they conduct appear to every reflecting mind! combat with resolution; and in the use Scrupulous ininutely to observe all the of the sabre are dreadfully dexterous. prescribed duties of their cast, with re. If, however, their arms are crowned spect to diet and ablutions, even amidst with victory, their principal attention is the tumult of war, and often to the ob- instantly directed to plundering the camp struction of the business of a campaign, of the vanquished, instead of pursuing yet practising every species of brutal ine then to extermination.
Were they humanity: how strange the transition firmly united under one able commandfrom the meekness of prayer to the rage ing chief, as under Sevajee, they would of plunder; from ablution in the purify- be formidable indeed, and must soon be ing wave, that washes away sin, to bathe the sovereigns of Hindostan; but their in torrents of human blood. From all government being feudal, divided amorty this pollution, however, the Brahmins, many chiefs, mostly at variance with each who share in the plander, have the ef- other, their power is weakened in profrontery to tell them, they are purified portion, and it is only from their devastathe sacrifice of a butfalo, accom- tions that Hindostan has to fear." with many mysterious ceremo
ARCHÆOLOGY, with this wretched salvo their In this department, rather than among are appeased.
the fine arts, we place the “ Costume of count will render less the Ancients," by Mr. Thomas Hope, a
work work of singular curiosity, and almost publication, required its restricted de unrivalled elegance.
signs to be accompanied by still more “I have otten wished,” says Mr. Hope, concise elucidations, a succinct account " that some person who had made anti- of the varieties of costune, most interquarian investigation his hobby; who had esting to the artist, offered in the shape visited the chiet countries in which are of a general introduction to these designs, found collections of antiquities, in sculp- has been preferred to a detailed 'illus. ture, painting, fictile vases, coins, and tration of each of the plates in partigems; who had compared the original cular; which inust have occasioned many inonuments of different Musea, with each. repetitions, and have swelled the volume other, and with the representations ex. beyond a portable size. Where this isting of them in print; and finally, who method might have left indeterminate, or had preserved memoranda and drawings, doubtful, the application of these general of whatever interesting remains, in dit- data to the different individual plates, ferent places, had never yet been pub- the uncertainty has been, as far as poslished; might be tempted to producesible, removed, or the deficiency sup. some compendium which, weeded, on the plied, by the short explanations introone hand of the representations of all duced at the bottom of the plates theinsuch monuments as are either con- selves. All account of the authorities, fessedly spurious, or doubtful, or insig. on which each of the designs individually nificant; and enriched, on the other, rests, has been studiously omitted; where, with transcripts of all such specimens, from a great diversity of inodels having as, though genuine and interesting, have supplied each in a very small proportion not yet found their way into other de- the different component parts of a single scriptions; should offer, as it were, the representation, this account must have purest spirit of many different larger become a long and circumstantial trea. works, condensed in one single restricted tise; and some indication of the sources, volume; nay, often the most interesting from which the delineations are bore details of inany different antique originals rowed, has only been admitted; where, concentrated in one single small figure, from a single original having furnished in in such a way, as to become capable of the lump almost the whole of the design being ayain most easily and readily trans. offered, this account might be comprefused in, and applied to the most ex- hended in a single line.” tended and diversified modern compo- Having described Mr. Hope's work sitions; and by so doing, should form, to so amply from his own preface, it may be the large and expensive works above de- necessary, perhaps, to add little more, scribed, not only an useful substitute than that the general preliminary remarks with those individuals who cannot com- are divided under three heads : “ The mand thein, but even an interesting sup- Costume of the Asiatics; Grecian Cos. plement with those who can, and do tume; and the Costume of the Romans."
The engravings, in outline, śwo hun“ This task never having been under- dred in number, have been principally taken by those more able to accomplish executed by Mr. Moses, from drawings it, I have at last, inadequate as were my by Mr. Hope himself. Among the most abilities, attempted, in some measure, to exquisite in point of style, we notice: perform myself.
1, Phrygian Lady. 28, Grecian Ladies “As I conceived the object of an in dresses of the old style. 32, Grecian epitomne, like the one I intended, was not Female, from a statue in Mr. Hope's pose to present the whole mass of information session. 35, Grecian Lady. 57, 38, 40, which the savant might possess on an. 74, 76, Greek Warriors, froin fictile cient costume, but only such details as
54, Greek Warrior, from a the painter might oftenest want to in. bronze in the Florentine Gallery, 58, troduce; not to afford topics for discuse Female Flute-player. 62, 63, Baca sion to the antiquarian, but only models“ chantes. 88, 89, 91, 104, 122, 144, fos imitation to the artist; not to advance Grecian Females. 135, Tripod, Canciudition, but only to promote taste; the delabrum, Chair, &c. 136, 151, Vases, representation of many remains more Pateras, Lamp, &c. 157, Greek Vases. cyrious than picturesque, more rare, even 174, Roman Study. 177, Victorious in ancient composition theinselves, than Auriga, or Driver in the Ganies of the applicable to modern works of art, has Circus, from a statue in the Vatican. been entirely omitted: and as I more- 184, Roman General. 189, 190, 191, over apprehended the limits of such a Roman Soldiers. 198, 199, Roman Co
lumbaria, for the reception of Cinerary St. Paul's; and in 1601, he died. PreUrns.
fixed to the work, is an engraving of the The work itself is printed in two sizes: portrait, which is likewise described by in two volumes quarto, and in one WALTON, in the “ Complete Angler. octavo. The latter, we are informed, It is also accompanied by several other has risen in price considerably since its elegant embellissiments. publication.
A work more splendid in appearance, The most important work, however, though certainly of less general attraction which we have to notice in the class of
its contents, has been published by Archæology, is the description of the Dr. DISNEY, in the “ Memoirs af Tho* Greek Marbles, brought from the Shores mas Brand Hollis, esq. F.R.S. and S.A.". of the Eurine, Archipelago, and Medi- Prefixed is a portrait of Mr. Hollis: and terranean, und deposited in the Vestibule interspersed, are nine views of the Hyde, of the public Library of the University (near Ingatestone,) and its curiosities. of Cambridge,” hy EDWARD DANIEL The work itself, like the monument Člakke, -L.L.D.' It forms a modest, which Dr. Disney erected in the church valuable catalogue, and is accompanied of Ingatestone, is a testimony of friendby four plates. The account of the statue ship and gratitude. of Ceres, published in 1803, is included In Mr. MEADLEY'S “ Memoirs of Dr. in it, accompanied by some additions; Paley," we have another life, of no orand at the end, we have Professor Por- dinary interest to the world in general. son's translation of the Greek inscription If it is not written with quite so much on the Rosetta stone, now at the British compactness as Mr. Churton's Life of Museum.
Nowell, it is not strikingly inferior. Mr. Here also may be mentioned, the ac- Meadley, in the preface which precedes count of Abbot Islip's “ Funeral,” pub- it, expresses himself in a manner too lished by the Society of Antiquaries, in modest to be passed by. “ The Mecontinuation of their Vetusta Monumenta, moirs (he says) now offered, to supply in from a manuscript roll in the Herald's some degree, a neglect, or at least to college,
provoke the exertions of some abler'pen,
are, in the compiler's own estimation, First, in point of importance, in this very far from complete. The acknowclass, we place, “ The Life of Alerunder ledged talents of some of Dr. Paley's Nowell, Dean of St. Paul's ; chiefly com- earlier and more intimate friends, from piled from Registers, Letters, and other whom an authentic detail of his life authentic Evidences,” by Ralpu CHUR- might most naturally be expected, ought TON, M. A. rector of Middletou Cheney, perhaps to have deterred froin the atNorthamptonshire. A work, which does tempt' one who knew him only in his honour both to the head and heart of later years. But a persuasion, that the the compiler. ALEXANDER NOWELI, whole of any eminent character cán a learned divine, and a famous preacher never be duly appreciated, except from in the reign of King Edward the VI. the views of different observers on the was, to use the words of honest Izaac
one hand, and, on the other, an anxious Walton, a man, that in the reformation wish to bear testimony to the merits of a of Queen Elizabeth, not that of Henry much respected pastor, and to perpeVIII. was so noted for his meek spirit, tuate his memory amongst bis last padeep learning, prudence, and piety, that rishioners more especially, have prothe then parliament and convocation, duced the present publication.” both, chose, enjoined, and trusted him to The Narrative is by no means one of he the man to inake a Catechism for pube dry detail. It is interspersed, not only lic use, such a one as should stand as a with numerous, but valuable, memoranda sule for faith and manners to their pos- of Dr. PALEY's Conversations; highly terity. And the good old man, though illerstrative of his real character. he was very learned, yet, knowing that In an Appendix will be found, some God leads us not to heaven by inany, of Dr. Paley's minor productions, which, nor by hard questions, made that good, though not absolutely new to the public, plain, unperplexed Catechism, which is are comparatively little known. printed with our good old service-book. « Narrative of the last Illness, Upon the death of Edward VI. Nowell, und Death of Richard Porson, M.A. with many other protestants, fled to Professor of Greek, in the University of Germany, where he lived for several Conbridge," by Dr. ADAM CLARKE, we years. In 1561, he was made dean of have a pamphlet which cannot fail ta
excite some interest with almost every for another, which death at length unreader. It is accompanied by a fac simile folds. of an ancient Greek joscription, which "'Does all this foresight and contriva formed the chief subject of the profesoance end with these interior systems sor's last literary conversation.
is theirs, and theirs only, the distinguished Nor must we here forget to inention a privilege of living always? posthumous publication of Mr. Gic- 6. All of it did not die.' Life and death PIN's, whose writings, both on the pic- appeared, however, in alternate succesturesque, and in biography, have been sions. The wither and death of the plant so long valued by the world. It is a having taken place, a re-organized body, small volume, containing, “ Memoirs of retaining the resemblance and qualities Josias Rogers, esq. Conmunder of his of the former, fills up its place, and passes Majesty's Ship Quebec : and presents through its several stages to maturitythe lite of a gallant sailor, who would perfection. unquestionably have risen to higher “ The insect, on the close of its first honours in his profession, had his life stage of animation and life, some short been spared. The narrative is simple pause is seen to take place, and it apand impressive; worthy the pen of him pears to die, while yet, life is only again whose name it bears.
renewing, and to be passed in some newNATURAL HISTORY, MINERALOGY, &c. created body which it now enters into
Since our last Appendix, but few ar- clad and fasbioned as it may. Thus is ticles have occurred on the subject of Na. Nature bringing about all her purposes, tural History.
as they respect succession and reproducOf Dr. Suaw's Zoological Lec- tion, throughout these two systems. tures," delivered at the Royal Institu. “Is one stage of active life all we have tion, it may be sufficient to announce the to pass~no surely! the two systems we title. The author is well known by his have here investigated, from analogy, at former works, and as a public lecturer. least, assure us, that we also live again If they contain but little novelty, they that we partake somehow, together with are neither destitute of order, interest, them, in the blessings of renewed existor correctness, the principal objects in ence somewhere. works of Natural History.
“Under the intelligent will of the Power “ Dede's English Botanical Pocket at work, one regular persevering process Book, and DONOVAN's Natural History is going on-assuredly, in soine way, it of British Insects," are both useful compa- may implicate usor, do we deny the nions for those who carry with them lei- probability, that the grant of lite after sure, taste, industry, and a love of science, death extends beyond the two systems of into their country retreats, and most of insect life and vegetable? It is impossiall, for those who are secluded a consi- ble to conceive of some not dissimilar derable part of the year.
mode adopted for the renewal of life after “ The Alphabetical List of the Mineral death to the human race. We have conNames, in English, French, and German,” stantly seen the preparations going on, can only interest those who are in some during one life for another in the plane; measure adepts, or who wish to make is it too much to expect, that at some pecollections.
riod, (affixed or not) is it too much to We have found ourselves much inter- suppose, that the envelopement of some ested in Mr. Coleter's “ Thoughts on particle (of dimension what it may) should Reanimation, from the Reproduction of take place in us. Death unfolds a someVegetable Life, and the Renewal of Life thing. We every day trace it in both after Death to Insects.” This work is systems." SD replete with the different views in On the subject of Anatomy, we have which nature fulfils her benevolent de- to announce one of those splendid persigns in each system, that we cannot fail formances which have long been comto recommend it to our youmg readers mon in a rival nation, but which rarely for the novelty they will meet with; and appear among us. A Hunter, a Baillie, to their elders, for the comfortable as- à Cooper, a Saunders, have indeed insurances it points out of a future state, troduced us to engravings, imitating, if from every analogy.
not real life, at least that state of parts “ While the insect and the plant have which the anatomist only can demonbeen passing through one stage of sen- strate, Mr. Watts has undertaken an tient life, at the same time preparations " Anatomico-Chirurgical Review of the have been, in a regular train, going on Nuse, Mouth, Larynx, and Fauces," with