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a half of dollars had been taken on into masses of from two to ten thousand board; that there was a strong smell of dollars weight. · Suspicion of misconfire. He went below to discover if pos- duct or carelessness at Srst fell upon the sible, whence it proceeded, and finding people; but it was afterwards ascertained the people at work in the main hatch- that the loss of the Albion, was nccaway, inquired whether they perceived - sioned by some paper umbrellas, receiany smell of fire, to which they replied ved on board as cargo, packed up, but in the negative. The captain then went not thoroughly dry, having spontaneously to the fore hatchway, uncovered it, and caught fire in the hold. removed the hatches, when the flame burst forth with great fury as high as the Accounts from Brazil state that the

He ordered the latches to vaccine inoculation, first practised in be put on again, and used every endea- St. Salvador, towards the close of 1804, pour to extinguish the flames, but with has since been spread through all the out effect. At three A.M. on the 5th, provinces, by the orders of the Princethe ebb tide having made, she went over regent. His royal highness appointed on her broad-side. The decks by this Dr. J. A. Barbosa to superintend and time were so much heated, as to oblige promote the new practice, and so bene the people to quit her. At four P.M. ficial lave been its effects, that the smallshe was completely burned to the water's pox, formerly very ciestructive there, has edge. Such was the fury of the flames, almost totally disappeared. that the treasure between decks was run

AMERICA.

main stay.

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Anasarca

REPORT OF DISEASES, Under the care of the late senior Physician of the Finsbury Dispensary, from this

20ih of December, 1808, to the 20th of Junuury, 1809. PHTHYSIS

5 that a man whose body and mind have Asthma.

2 been well educated, may be able to counFebris

teract the original sin of his consitution. Cephalæa... Hæmoplysis..

We depend more upon what occurs after,

than previously to our birth. What qut Chlorosis Hypochondriasis

of self-complacency we are apt to atorja 3

bute to our fathers or our mothers, much Murbi Cutanei

6 more frequently arises from a feebleness Asthenia

9 of volition, a weakness of the will, from Catarrh....

16 a careless indiscretion, or a too luxurious Five thousand four hundred deaths indulgence. from consumption are recorded as having As for any farther particulars than have rccurred within the bills of mortality due already been mentioned in these Reports, ring the last year :-a melancholy and de- with regard to the cure or rather care of cisive proof of the fatality and frequency phthysis, for the latter is always necesof this encroaching disease, as well as it's sary, although the former may be often annual growth and endless ramifications. impracticable, nothing on this occasion In spite of all other circuinstances of can be said without committing the criine fashion or atmosphere, which are calcu- of au. idle and tiresome tautology. If lated to urge on the propensity to.phthy- the consumptively disposed are not sufsical complaints ; in consequence of its ficiently on their guard, they cannot be hereditary nature, it cannot fail to be. 'excused upon the ground of not having come more prolific in every succeeding ge- been sufficiently admonished. neration. Every pbthysical parent com Asthma is a complaint in consequence municates the danger at least, of disease of its connection with the lungs, that apo to his offspring. Phthysis is often the pears to indicate a consanguinity with only patrimony that is bequeathed : -an pulmonary disease ; but in fact they are unenviable possession which may possi- essentially dissimilar. Besides many other bly be entailed upon perhaps an indefi- features of variety, the one is for the nite series of posterity. At the saine most part connected with an undue hope time it ought to be known and practi- and hectic vivacity, whilst the other is cally considered, that it is only tendencies in general accompanied with an hypothat are inherited, not actual malady; so chondriacal despondence, or' an unrea

sonable

1

sonable dejection. How can we wonder Cachectics, native or artificially manu-
that one under the actual agonies, or un- factured debilities of the constitution,
der the dreadful prospect, of an approach- although they hold no specific rank in a
ing paroxysm of asthma, should not be medical nonienclature, occupy the largest
chearful, or even be composed. Asthma- space in the field of a physician's profes-
tics are often, perhaps more generally sional observation. Diseases that have
than others, men of mind and of manly acquired no name, and are incapable of
energies. But there are feelings of pain any precise or discriminating definition,
which must get the better, for a time, constitute the majority in the melancholy
of the sturdiest fortitude, and no man group of maladies.
can be blamed for not enduring with Dropsy, alas ! has fallen in several in.
tranquillity sufferings which are almost stances under the Reporter's care within
beyond the limit of human toleration.* the last few weeks. Dropsy is nearly

Bleeding, or the vein-evacuating sys- allied to despair, and may be considered
tem, as being too indiscriminate and pro- as the last step before the threshold of
fuse, the Reporter has frequently had death.
occasion to reprobate; by the energy and In the presence of the Reporter, a
decision of his remarks he has incurred plebeian illiterate. patient of this class,
some reproach, although not that of his conscious of his vicinity to the grave,
own conscience. Every new day throws breathed a confession, that he was
new light, and gives an additional flash of ashamed of feeling " so much attached
conviction upun the subject. Among the to this last rag of life." I
asthmatics more especially, any detrac Distempers of every, and more remark.
tion of blood is inevitably followed by a ably of this kind, originate in a great
dininution of strength, and too frequent- measure from excess in the luxuries of
ly by an entire dissolution of the faculties dating or of drinking, and perhaps quite
of vitality. This remark peculiarly ap as frequently from the former as from
plies to those who are far gone in life. the latter. The former is the most fre-
To tap the sanguiferous system when the quent cause of abrupt dissolution, but
cask is well nigh exhausted, is a cruel they are both rival candidates for exe-
and wasteful expenditure of that which cuting the rapid and premature destruc-
is

necessary to support even a feeble per- tion of the human frame. Hippocrates, petuity of existence. Dr. Flower, who one of our venerable fathers in inedicine, has concentrated in his little treatise al- tells us, that “ be who eats and drinks most all that can be usefully said on the little will have no disease.This axiom. subject of asthma, more than a hundred perhaps contains in itself more of the years ago, gave an opinion which harmo. rashness of youth than the reason of age. nizes with and of course confirms my own. But at any rate it must be confessed that, "Bleeding," he says, “ though never so inordinate gratification of every species oft repeated, will not cure the asthmatic, must be followed by grievous calamity, but a little for the present relieve thé and that to the inhabitants at least of straitness and suffocation. It is agree. this island, the fluid incentives to exhiable to young persons, but very prejudi- laration is more dangerous than the efcial to old habituated asthmas, who at fects which may arise from a more solid present are not much relieved thereby, and substantial epicurism. Wine is perbut after some time they become ca- haps more corrusive in its operation, and chectic." +

more perilous in its ultimate consequence,

than any other superabundance of diete An anonymous' note lately received, tical oppression. though by no means unfriendly or unhand Alchohol is bad aliment; and the more some, animadverted upon my last Report, fearful diseases arise froin spirituous ex• which stated some facts with regard to an cess. Dropsy, hypochondriasis, asthma, asthmatic patient that applied to him for paralysis, and asthenia, are all members Ielief. But it should be announced and un. derstood, that what was communicated concerning this individual, was not without his | It is a remarkable coincidence, that Lord espress permission, which the Reporter is in Orford, that petit-maitre in literature, has, the habit of requesting from his patient, be in some part of his fashionable works, made face he notices io the public any private com

use of an expression almost verbatim the Qunications.

as that which was employed by our Treatise of the Asthma, by John Flower, unlettered, and in every intellectual way uño

informed and uncultivated, patient. MONTHLY MAG, No. 181.

L

of

same

M.D. p. 108.

of the same family, children of the same some starting out of their sleep under cordials. The last scene of these mala. those horrors which water in the chest dies is often a partial or general dropsy, brings on, and others in one of those which, after having passed the tedious gasping fits which come on with greater and fitful purgatory of pain, must inevi- and greater violence till the lungs are tably lead to the calamitous conclusion entirely overwhelmed by the increasing of life.

inundation." § “ Nothing could be better adapted to

J. REID. apartments in which the orgies of Bacchus Grenville-street, Brunswick-square, are celebrated, nothing more like to pre

January 20, 1809. serve those who unwittingly join in the celebration, than bloated dropsical figures, some overwhelined by death-like languor,

§ Dr. Beddoes's Hygeïa.

PRUSSIA.

STATE OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS IN JANUARY.
Contnining official Papers and authentic Documents.

of the mountains. The enemy thought them. THE King of Prussia transmitted the selves unattackable. They had entrenched

The 9th light ber, 1808, to the Magistrates of Be:lin:- to, with 16 pieces of cannon.

infantry marched upon the right, the 96th « Worthy, beloved, and faithful subjects, upon the causeway, and the 24th followed, by my provinces being evacuated by the French, the side of the heights on the left. Gen. Se my attention is now directed to the accom

narmont, with six pieces of artillery, advanced plishment of my heartfelt wish of returning by the causeway. to my capital of Berlin, with the Queen my The action commenced by the firing of mus. spouse, and my family an object which I ketry and cannun. A charge made by Genehave by all possibie means endeavoured to at.

ral Montbrun, at the head of the Polish light tain since the conclusion of peace. I have horse, decided the affair. It was a most bril. given orders that the Constituted Authorities liant one, and the regiment covered itself with shall leave this place for Berlin, as soon as the districts on the other side of the Vistuia glory, and proved it was worthy to forni a

part of the Imperial Guard. Cannons, Aags, have begun to breathe a little from the ef- muskets, soldiers, all were taken or cut to pietect of the heavy burthens they have sus

ces. Eight Polish light horse were killed uptained in furnishing carriages and supplies,

on the cannon, and 16 have been wounded, both before and during the evacuation of tke

among the latter is Captain Dzievanoski, who country. This short interval I shall employ

was dangerously wounded, and lies almost in a journey to St. Petersburgh, in conse

without hopes of recovery. Major Segur, Marquence of the repeated friendly and urgent 'shal of the Eniperor's household, charged invitations, both verbally and by letter, of

among the Polish troops, and received many his Majesty the Emperor of Russia.. I shall wounds, one of which is very severe ; sixteen expedite my journey, and hope within a few pieces of cannon, 10 Aags, 20 covered chests, weeks, to revisit my provinces on the other

200 waggons laden with all kind of baggage, the side of the Vistula, to which I owe so many military chests of the regiments, are the fruits proofs of exemplary fidelity; and I shall in of this brilliant atfair; among the prisoners, particular hasten my return to Borlin, to tes

which are very numerous, are all the Colonele, cify to my subjects of that city my gratitude Lieutenant Cóluneis, of the corps of the Spafor their firmness and good conduct, and to

nish division; all the soldiers would have been assure them of my attachment and satis ac- taken if they had not thrown away their arms tion. I inform you hereof, and command you and dispersed in the mountains. to notify the same to my loving and faithful

On the 1st of December, the head-quarters citizens of that city; and I am your loving of the Emperor were at Saint tugustin, and on Sovereign.

the 2d, the Duke of Istria, with the cavalry, * FREDERIC WILLIAM,”

commanded the heights of Madrid.

The infantry could nut arrive before the Tbirteenth Bulletin of the French Army. 3d. The intelligence which we hitherto reSt. Martin, near Madrid, Dic. 2.-On the ceived, led us to think that this town is suf29th uit. the head quarters of the Emperor fering under all kinds of disorders, and that the zvere removed to the village of Bouzeaullas. doors are barricadoed. The weather is very On the 30th, at break of day, the Duke of fine. Belluna presented hiroself at the foot of Sa

Fourteenth Bulletin. mosierra. A division of 13,000 men of the Madrid, Dec. 5.-The 2d at noon, his Spanish army of reserve defended the passage Majesty arrived in person on the heights

SPAIN

which impend over Madrid, on which were open to furnish provisions at discretion. The already placed the divisions of dragoons of Ge French infantry was still three leagues from nerals Latour Maubourg, and Lahoussaye, Madrid. The Emperor employed the even. and the imperial horse-guards. The anni- ing in reconnoitring the town, and deciding * versary of the coronation, that eposh which plan of attack, consistent with the considerhas signalized so many days for ever fortu ation due to the great number of honest nate for France, awakened in all hearts the people always to be found in a great capital. most agreeable recollections, and inspired all At seven o'clock the division Lapissi of the troops with an enthusiam which manifest- the corps of the Duke of Belluna arrived. ed itself in a thousand exclamations. The The muon shone with a brightness that weather was beautiful, and like that enjoy seemed to prolong the day. The Emperor ed in France in the month of May. The ordered the General of Brigade Moison to Marshal Duke of Istria sent to summon the take possession of the suburbs, and charged town, where a military junta was formed, the General of Brigade Lauriston to support under the presidency of Marquis of Castelar, him in the enterprize, with four pieces of who had under his orders General Morla, artillery belonging to the guards. The Captain General of Andalusia, and Inspector sharp shooters of the 16th regiment took posGeneral of Artillery. The town contained session of some houses, and in particular of a number of armed peasants, assembled from the grand cemetry. At the first fire, the all quarters, 6000 troops of the line, and enemy shewed as much cowardice as he did 100 pieces of cannon. Sixty thousand men of arrogance all the day. The Duke of Bel. were in arms. Their cries were heard on luna employed all the night in placing his every side ; the bells of 200 churches rung artillery in the posts designed for the al tack. altogether; and every thing presented the At midnight the Prince of Neufchatel sent appearance of disorder and madness. The ge. to Madrid a Spanish Lieutenant-Colonel of neral of the troops of the line appeared at Artillery, who had been taken at Santosierra, the advanced posts to answer the summons and who saw with affright the obstinacy of of the Duke of Istria. He was accompanied his fellow citizens. He touk charge of the by 30 men of the people, whose dress, looks, annexed letter, No. 1. On the third at nine and ferocious language, recalled the recol in the inorning, the same day of truse relection of the assassins of September, When turned to the head-quarters with the letter the Spanish general was asked whether he No. 2, But the General of Brigade Lenameant to expose women, children, and old mont, an officer of great merit, had already mnen, to the horrors of an assault, he mani- placed 30 pieces of artillery, and had comfested secretly the grief with which he was menced a very smart fire, which made a penetrated; he made known by signs, that breach in the walls of the Reciro. The sharphe, as well as all the honest men of Madrid, shooters of the division of Villatte having groaned under oppression; and when he passed the breach, their battalion followed raised his voice, his words were dictated by them, and in less than a quarter of an hour the wretches who watched over him. No 1000 men, who defended the Retiro, were doubt could be entertained of the excess to knocked on the heat. which ehe tyranny of the muliitude was car The Palace of the Retiro, the important ried, when they saw him write down all bis posts of the Observatory, of the porcelaine words, and caused the record to be verified manufactory, of the grand barrack, the hoby the assassins who surrounded him. The tel of Medina Celi, and all the outlets which Aid-de-camp of the Duke of Istria, who had had been fortified, were taken by our troops. been seat into the town, was seized by men On another side, 20 pieces of cannon of the of the lowest class of people, and was about guards, accompanied by light froops, threw to be massacred, when the troops of the line, shells, and attracted the attention of the indignant at the outrage, took him under enemy by a false attack. their protection, and caused him to be re The enemy had more than 100 pieces of stored to his general. A little time after, cannon mounted; a more considerable num. some deserters from the Walloon guards ber had been dug up, taken out of cellars, came to the camp. Their depositions con and fixed upon čarts, a grotesque rrain, and vinced us that ihe people of property, and in itself sufficient to prove the madness of a hosest men, were without influence; and it people abandoned to itself. But all means of was to be concluded that conciliation was defence were become useless. The possessors altogether impossible.

of Retiro are always masters of Madrid. The The Marquis of Perales, a reputable man, Emperor took all possible care to prevent the who had hitherto appeared to enjoy the con troops from going from house to house. The fidence of the people, had been on the day city was ruined if many troops had been em. betore this, accused of putting şand in the ployed, Only some companiçs of sharp-shootcartridges. He was immediately strangled. ers advanced, and the Emperor constantly k was determined that all che cartridges refused to send any to sustain them. At should be remade ; 3 or 4,000 monks were eleven o'clock the Prince of Neufchatel wrote ermployed upon this work at the Retiro. All the annexed letter, No. 3, His Majesty at the the palaces and houses were ordered to be same time ordered the fire to cease on all points,

A but.

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A butcher's boy of Estremadura, who com- injustice and bad faith always recoil upon the manded one of the gates, had the audacity to guilty, and operate to their prejudice.' I had require that the Duke of Istria should go a fleet at Cadiz; it was under the protection himself into the town with his eyes blind- of Spain, yet you directed against it the more folded. General Montbrun rejected this pre tars of the town where you commanded. I sumptive demand with indignation. He was had a Spanish army in my ranks; I would immediately surrounded, and effected his rather have viewed them embark on board the escape only by drawing his sword. He nar. English ships, and be obliged to precipitate rowly escaped falling a victim to the impru- it from the rocks of Espinosa, than to disarm dence with which he had forgot that he had it; I would rather preter having 7000 m not to make war with civilized enemies. enemies to fight, than be deficient in honour

At five o'clock General Morla, one of the and good faith. Return to Maarid--I give Members of the Military Junta, and Don you till six o'clock to morrow morning-reBernardo Yriarte, sent from the town, re. turn at that hour-you have only to inform paired to the tent of the Major General. They me of the submission of the people if not, informed him that the most intelligent per you and your troops shall be put to the sword.” sons were of opinion, that the town was des. This speech of the Emperor, repeated in titute of resources, and that the continuation the midst of the respectable people, the cerof the defence would be the height of mad tainty that he commanded in person, the ness, but that the lower orders of the inhabi- losses sustained during the preceding day, tants, and the foreigners at Madrid, were de- , had carried cerror and repentance into all termined to persevere in the defence. Be- minds. During the night the most mutinous lieving that they could not do it with effect, withdrew themselves from the danger by flight, they requested a pause of a few hours to inform and a part of the troops retired to a distance. the people of the real state of affairs. The At ten o'clock Gen. Belliard took thc comMajor.General presented the Deputies to the mand of Madrid; all the posts were put into Emperor and King, who addressed them thus:- the hands of the French, and a general par

* You make use of the name of the peo. don was proclaimed. ple to no purpose; il you cannot restore From this moment, men, women, and tranquillity and appease their minds, it is be- children, spread themselves about the streets cause you have excited them to revolt: you in perfect security. The shops were open till have seduced them by propagating falsehoods. eleven o'clock. All the citizens set themAssemble the clergy, the heads of the con selves to destroy the barricades and repave the vents, the alcaides, the men of property and streets, the Monks recurned into their Con. influence, and let the town capitulate by six vents, and in a few hours Madrid presented o'clock in the morning, or it shall be destroy- the most extraordinary contrast, a contrast in. ed. I will not, nor ought I to withdraw my explicable to those unaccustomed to the mantroops. You have massacred the unfortunate ners of great towns. So many men, who cane French prisoners who had fallen into your not conceal from themselves what they would hands; only a few days ago, you suffered have done in similar circumstances, express two persons in the suite of the Russian Am- their astonishment at the generosity of the bassador to be dragged along and murdered in French. Fifty thousand stand af arms have the public-streets, because they were French. been given up, and 100 pieces of cannon have men born. The incapacity and baseness of a been collected at the Retiro. The anguish in general, had put into your power troops who

which the inhabitants of this wretched city surrendered on the field of battle, and the ca have lived for these four months cannot be depitulation has been violated. You, Mr. scribed. The junta was without influence ; Morla, what sort of an epistle did you write the niost ignorant and maddest of men had all to that general?-It well became you, Sir, the power in their hands, and the people at to talk of pillage, you who, on entering every instant massacred, or threatened with Roussillon, carried off all the women, and the gallows, their Magistrates and their Gedistributed them as booty among your sol

nerals. diers !--What right had you to hold auch The General of Brigade Maison has been language elsewhere? The expectation ought wounded. General Bruyere, who advanced to have induced you to pursue a different line imprudently the moment the firing ceased, of conduct. See what has been the conduct has been killed. Twelve soldiers have been of the English, who are far from piquing killed, and fifty wounded. This loss, so trithemselves on being rigid observers of the fing for an event of so much importance, is Laws of Nations. They have complained of owing to the smallness of the number of troops the Convention of Portugal, but they have suffered to engage: it is owing besides, we must carried it into effect.' To violate mili. say, to the extreme cowardice of all those who tary treaties, is to renounce all civiliza. had arms in their hands against us. tion: it is placing ourselves on a footing The artillery, according to its usual cuswith a banditti of the desart. How dare tom, has done great services. Ten thousand you, then, presume to solicit a capitulation, fugitives who had escaped from Burzos and Sas you who violated that of Baylen?' See how mosierra, and the second division of the Army

of

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