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susceptibility is often increased by the nected with gastric and liepatic derangeadditional irritation of teething.
ments. A typhoid tendency was evident The general character of the diseases in many cases of synochus, and seemed has been much the same as in the pre- only to require confined rooms and stimuceding month. The leading complaints lant diet, with the early exhibition of bark, have been fevers of different kinds; he- wine, and other heating things, to render patic derangements; and disorders of the them intractable and highly dangerous. primæ viæ, as evinced by the titles cho- Cathartics, antimonials, diluent drinks, sera, dysenteria, diarrhea, dyspepsia, and cooling diet, during the first few days, gastrodynia, enterodynia, colica, &c. generally arrested the complaint. ReThese have amounted, conjointly, to al- mittents, in some cases, assumed an inmost half of the total number of patients flammatory character—while, in other intreated at the Dispensary. Of the class stances, they manifested all the sympof intestinal affections, the Dysenteric toms of the true bilious fever, and were form has been the most prevalent, or at attended with nautia, vomiting, and sponleast the most fatal.
taneous discharges of bile.-Of the cases Disorders of the first passages, and of of intermittents, contained in the foregothe hepatic functions, tending to jaundice, ing catalogue, one halfwere produced durhave been occasionally observed. Serious ing the latter part of the month, subseconsequences sometimes arise from in- quent to the sudden reduced temperature flammations of the stomach and bowels, of the atmosphere. Two cases of interthat occur in the hot season, being mittents were transformed into remitmistaken for the effects of indigestion, tents; and remittents have, in some inDatulence, or acrimonious bile, and stances, degenerated into typhus. treated merely as cases of Gastrodynia, Many cutaneous diseases have been preEterodynia, Colica, or similar gastric and valent in this, as well as in the preceding intestinal affections.
months: but those, usually acconipanied Rheumatic complaints chiefly ofthechro. with much fever, such as Scarlatina, Varinic sort, have been somewhat frequent,con- ola, and Rubeoia, were not observed.sidering the season of the year. They Cases of Prurigo have been common, were much aggravated by the sudden di- and, in several instances, occurred in perininution of temperature, that took place sons considerably advanced in life. towards the termination of the month.-- The following deaths, from different Acute diseases of the thoracic viscera diseases, are reported in the New-York haye nearly disappeared.--One of the Bills of Mortality, for the month of Aucases of croup, reported in the list, yield-, gusted to the operation of an emetic, which Apoplexy, 3; Asphixia, 1 ; Asthma, 2, reinedy will not unfrequently, alone, suc- Abscess, 1; Child-bed, 1 ; Cholera Morceed in effecting a removal of this disor- bus, 14; Colic, 1; Consumption, 51; der, in its early or forming stage, whilst Convulsions, 21; Diarrhæa, 11: Drinkthe disease is yet local; but when it is ing cold water, 1 ; Dropsy, 8 ; Dropsy in fairly seated, and general excitement has the Head, a ; Dropsy in the Chest, 1 ; supervened, the use of the lancet becomes Drowned, 6; Dysentery, 23; Fever, 2; indispensable.
Inflammatory Fever, 1; Intermittent FeThe relaxing and enervating effects of ver, 1; Remittent Fever, 3 ; Typhus Fethe summer heats bave produced much ver, 11; Herpes, 1 ; Hives, 2; Inflammageneral languor, or idiopathic debility, tion of the Bladder, 1; Inflammation of which has increased the predisposition the Bowels, 4 ; Inflammation of the Liver, to many morbid symptoms, that are more 1; Jaundice, 1 ; Insanity, 1 ; Intemperpeculiarly connected with different kinds ance, 3; Killed, 4; Marasmus, 10 ; Nervof fevers, of which a considerable ang- ous Disease, 1; Old Age, 7; Obi, 1 ; mentation is evident. The autumnal in- Palsy, ; Peripneumony, 1; Rupture, 1; termittent has already begun to prevail; Scrophula, 2 ; Small Pox, 1 ; Spasms. and remittents, as well as synochus and 2; Sprue, 1 ; Still Born, 6 ; Syphilis, 4; typhus, are more general. "The nature Teething, 4; Worms, 7'; Ulcer, 1; Unand character of fevers have differed ac- known, 3–Total 241, cording to local circumstances, and to the JACOB DYCKMAN, M. D. constitutions of the individuals in whom New-York, August 31, 1817. they occurred. In some they were cos
ART. 18. CABINET OF VARIETIES.
Prom Northcote's Memoirs of Sir Joshua served, that if he was going to Ireland Reynolds.
that name would be a passport for him..
The stranger smiled, and asked the reason IN
lage” to Sir Joshua Reynolds, already the memory of Oliver was embalmed noticed, Goldsmith alludes to the death of amongst his countrymen. A tear glistenhis eldest brother, Henry, the clergyman; ed in the stranger's eye, who immediateand his various biographers record an- ly answered, “I am his brother.". The other, Maurice, who was a younger bro- gentleman who had first made the obther, and of whom it is stated, by Bishop servation on the name, looked doubtingly, Percy, that having been bred to no busi- and said, “He has but one brother livness, he, upon some occasion, complain- ing; I know him well.” " True, replied ed to Oliver that he found it difficult to the stranger, for it may be said that I am live like a gentleman. To this Oliver risen from the dead, having been for wrote him an answer, begging that he many years supposed to be no longer in would, without delay, quit so unprofitable the land of the living.. I am Charles, the a trade, and betake himself to
some youngest of the family. Oliver I know handicraft employment. Maurice wise- is dead; but of Henry and Maurice I ly, as the Bishop adds, took the hint, and know nothing." bound himself apprentice to a cabinet- On being informed of various particumaker, and when out of his indentures lars of his family, the stranger then told set up in business for himself, in which he his simple tale; which was, that having was engaged during the viceroyalty of heard of his brother Noll mixing in the the late Duke of Rutland ; and his shop first society of London, he took it for being in Dublin, he was noticed by Mr. granted that his fortune was made, and Orde, since Lord Bolton, the Lord Lieu- that he could soon make a brother's also; tenant's Secretary, who recommended he therefore lest home without notice ; him to the patronage of the Duke, out of but soon found, on his arrival in London, regard to the memory of his brother. that the picture he formed of his brother's In
consequence of this, he received the situation was too highly coloured ; that appointment of inspector of licenses in Noll would not introduce him to his great that metropolis, and was also employed friends, and, in fact, that, although out of as mace bearer, by the Royal Irish Aca- a jail, he was also often out of a lodging. demy, then just established. Both of Disgusted with this entrance into high these places were compatible with his life, and ashamed to return home, the business : and in the former he gave proof young man left London without acquaintof great integrity by detecting a fraud ing his brother with his intentions, or committed on the revenue in his depart. even writing to his friends in Ireland ; ment; and one by which he bimself and proceeded, a poor adventurer, to Jamight have profited, if he had not been a maica, where he lived, for many years, man of principle. He has now been dead without ever renewing an intercourse not more than fifteen years ; I enter more with his friends, and by whom he was, particularly into his history, from having of course, supposed to be dead ; though seen the following passage in one of Olie Oliver may, at first, have imagined that ver's letters to him: “You talked of be- he had returned to Ireland. Years now ing my only brother-I don't understand passed on, and young Charles, by indusyou. Where is Charles ?”
try and perseverance, began to save some This, indeed, was a question which property ; soon after which he married Maurice could not answer then, nor for a widow lady of some fortune, when his many years afterwards ; but as the anec- young family requiring the advantages of dote is curious, and I have it from a friend further education, he determined to reon whose authority I can rely, I shall give turn to England, to examine into the it a place here nearly in his own words. state of society, and into the propriety of
My friend informed me, that whilst bringing over his wife and family; on this travelling in the stage coach towards Ire- project he was then engaged, and was land, in the autumn of 1791, he was join- proceeding to Ireland to visit his native ed at Oswestry by a venerable looking home, and with the intention of making gentleman, who, in the course of the himself known to such of his relatives as morning, mentioned that his name was might still be living. His plan, however, Goldsnrilh ; when one of the party ob. was, to conceal his good fortune until be
should ascertain their affection and esteem ty of making inquiries into the welfare of for him.
the stranger, for whom he had, indeed, On arriving at Dublin, the party sepa- formed a great esteem, even on a few cated; and my friend, a few weeks after- days acquaintance. wards, returning from the north, called at the Hotel where he knew Mr. Goldsmith James Mac Ardell, the mezzotinto enintended to reside. There he met him; graver, having taken a very good print when the amiable old man, for such he from the portrait of Rubens, came with really was, told him that he had put his it one morning to Sir Joshua Reynolds, plan in execution; had given himself as to inquire if he could inform him partimuch of the appearance of poverty as he çularly of the many titles to which Rucould with propriety, and thus proceeded bens had a right, in order to inscribe them to the shop of his brother Maurice, where properly under his print; saying, he behe inquired for several articles, and then lieved that Rubens had been knighted by noticed the name over the door, asking if the kings of France, Spain, and England; it had any connexion with the famous was secretary of state in Flanders, and Dr. Goldsmith.
to the privy council in Spain ; and had "I am his brother, his sole surviving been employed in a ministerial capacity brother," said Maurice.
from the court of Madrid to the court of “What then,” replied the stranger, “ is London, to negotiate a treaty of peace become of the others ?”
between the tớo crowns, and that he “Henry has long been dead; and poor was also a magistrate of Antwerp, &c. Charles has not been heard of for many Dr. Johnson happened to be in the years."
room with Sir Joshua at the time, and But
suppose Charles were alive," understanding Mac Ardell's inquiry, insaid the stranger,
" would his friends ac- terfered rather abruptly, saying, “Pooh! knowledge him?"
pooh! put his name alone under the print, “Oh yes!” replied Maurice, " gladly Peter Paul Rubens : that is full sufficient indeed!"
and more than all the rest."-ib. “ He lives, then; but as poor as when
Several ladies being in company
with Maurice instantly leaped over his coun- Dr. Johnson, it was remarked by one of ter, hugged him in his arms, and weeping them, that a learned woman was by no with pleasure, cried, “Welcome-wel- means a rare character in the present come--here you shall find a home and a age: when Johnson replied, “I have brother."
known a great many ladies who knew It is ncedless to add, that this denoue- Latin, but very few who know English." ment was perfectly agreeable to the A lady observed, that women surpassstranger, who was then preparing to re- ed men in epistolary correspondence. turn to Jamaica to make his proposed fa- Johnson said, " I do not know that." mily arrangements; but my friend hav- “ At least,” said the lady,“ they are most ing been engaged for the next twenty pleasing when they are in conversation.” years in traversing the four quarters of the No, Madam," returned Johnson “I globe, being himself a wanderer, has ne- think they are most pleasing when they ver, since that period, had an opportuni- hold their tongues.”-ib.
he left you."
These are numerous, we fear, this the department occupies double the space month, from the great hurry with which which we had assigned to it. Whilst this number has been put to press. we are desirous of rendering our work
Page 453, col. 1, we notice the follow- a valuable repository for the learned, we ing :-stec! tyle for steatite ; Caroa’ for shall not suffer ourselves to forget that larva. We shall not pretend to specify it is on the great body of our fellow-citiall the errors that we have noticed. We zens that we depend for support, and that may observe, however, under this head, their amusement and instruction are that from a mistake in giving out the co- principally to be consulted in our py of the Museum of Natural Science, pages.
CONTENTS OF VOL. I.
Colden's Life of Fulton,
Mathieu's Version of a Chi-
VI. Captain Riley's Narrative, 34 V. Original Communications, viz. Memoir
of Lady Harriet Ackland--Ac-
rii, Lord Byron's Lament of Tasso, 422 XII. Thespian Register,
Manual of Botany for the North- XIII. Monthly Summary of Political Intelliern States,
gence, for hiv. Museum of Natural Sciences,
431 XIV. Domestic Occurrences, Onxi. Original Communications,
442 XV. Monthly Catalogue of New Publicarate "VII. Original Biography,
tions, with Critical Remarks,
TO READERS. ON completing the first volume of their work, the Editors canno withhold their acknowledgments for the distingu'shed encourage ment they have received in an undertaking which is immediately de pendent on the favourable opinion and liberal dispositions of the public. The unprecedented support which they have obtained ir a few months, renders the establishment of at least one literary jour nal, in our country, on a broad and permanent basis, no longer problematical. Already the number of subscribers to this publication in the Northern and Middle States amounts to nearly three thousand,three fourths of whom are citizens of the State of New-York. But the AMERICAN MONTHLY MAGAZINE and CRITICAL REView is intended for general circulation, and addresses itself to national patronage. The experience of the Editors assures them that this appeal will not be in vain.. There is not a State, nor a Territory in the Union from which they have not received subscriptions. They trust that their exertions will secure not only a continuance, but an increase of favour. That they may be enabled to give a greater quantity of light reading without curtailing the other departments of the work, they contemplate adding another sheet, in another year, to each Number, to be devoted to miscellaneous selections of an amusive chaacter.